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Dialysis-linked hepatitis C spread alarming
About 2.2 percent of patients who underwent dialysis in 2001 were
with the hepatitis C virus because some facilities apparently failed to
proper precautions to prevent infection, according to a government
did not identify the institutions were the infections occurred.The
team at the Health, Labor and Welfare Ministry that conducted the study
results suggest that thousands of people could be newly infected with
virus each year in such ways.
The Japanese Society for Dialysis Therapy and the Japanese Association
Dialysis Physicians said they have sent emergency recommendations to
institutions, asking them to take sufficient steps, including not
The study was conducted at dialysis facilities nationwide. The research
did not name the institutions where patients were infected.
Of the roughly 52,000 people receiving dialysis therapy who had tested
negative for hepatitis C at the end of 2000, roughly 1,100 suddenly
at the end of 2001.
As there are around 230,000 dialysis patients in Japan, the survey
several thousand are infected each year with hepatitis C at facilities.
The survey shows that at the majority of facilities, there were no newly
infected patients, and it is only at certain facilities that fail to
measures that the infection rate is high.
The researchers said calls for improved measures have been made in
to facilities where patients have been newly infected in the past year
where more than a third of the patients have hepatitis C.
The researchers said the most important warning is to not share
study of group infections nationwide suggests that the main cause of
infection was the sharing among several patients of medicine such as
blood anticoagulants, they said.