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“The only thing necessary for these diseases to the triumph is for good people and governments to do nothing.”



"Surplus" men in China may become significant new HIV risk group
Biotech Law Week, Atlanta
1 Jul 2005

According to a published report from China, "While 70% of HIV positive individuals live in sub-Saharan Africa, it is widely believed that the future of the epidemic depends on the magnitude of HIV spread in India and China, the world's most populous countries.

"China's 1.3 billion people are in the midst of significant social transformation, which will impact future sexual disease transmission. Soon approximately 8.5 million 'surplus men', unmarried and disproportionately poor and migrant, will come of age in China's cities and rural areas."


"Meanwhile," wrote J.D. Tucker and colleagues at the National Center for AIDS STD Control & Prevention in Beijing, "many millions of Chinese sex workers appear to represent a broad range of prices, places, and related HIV risk behaviors.

"Using demographic and behavioral data, this paper describes the combined effect of sexual practices, sex work, and a true male surplus on HIV transmission."

"Alongside a rapid increase in sexually transmitted disease incidence across developed parts of urban China," the authors said, "surplus men could become a significant new HIV risk group.

"The anticipated high sexual risk among many surplus men and injecting drug use among a subgroup of surplus men may create bridging populations from high to low risk individuals."

Tucker continued, "Prevention strategies that emphasize traditional measures - condom promotion, sex education, medical training - must be reinforced by strategies which acknowledge surplus men and sex workers.

"Reform within female sex worker mandatory reeducation centers and site specific interventions at construction sites, military areas, or unemployment centers may hold promise in curbing HIV/ sexually transmitted infections."

"From a sociological perspective," researchers concluded, "we believe that surplus men and sex workers will have a profound effect on the future of HIV spread in China and on the success or failure of future interventions."

Tucker and colleagues published the results of their research in AIDS (Surplus men, sex work, and the spread of HIV in China. AIDS, 2005;19(6):539-547).

For additional information, contact J.D. Tucker, National Center AIDS STD Control & Prevention, China CDC, Room 510, 4 Nanwei Rd., Beijing 100050, People's Republic of China.


The publisher of the journal AIDS can be contacted at: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 530 Walnut St., Philadelphia, PA 19106-3621, USA.

This article was prepared by Biotech Law Weekly editors from staff and other reports. Copyright 2005, Biotech Law Weekly via

Source: Biotech Law Week. Atlanta: Jul 1, 2005.  pg. 184