Education + Advocacy = Change

Click a topic below for an index of articles:





Financial or Socio-Economic Issues


Health Insurance



Institutional Issues

International Reports

Legal Concerns

Math Models or Methods to Predict Trends

Medical Issues

Our Sponsors

Occupational Concerns

Our Board

Religion and infectious diseases

State Governments

Stigma or Discrimination Issues


If you would like to submit an article to this website, email us at for a review of this paper

any words all words
Results per page:

“The only thing necessary for these diseases to the triumph is for good people and governments to do nothing.”





Perpetually Infectious Diseases


Nebraska school system

If is the policy of the Millard Schools that there shall be no discrimination against an employee because of disability. This policy shall apply to a disability which may arise from a perpetually infectious disease; provided, however, that due consideration must be given to the specific facts of each case and the possibility of harm to others.

In all instances where an employee has a perpetually infectious disease, the employee's condition and identity will remain confidential unless the employee has consented to the release of such information. 

The provisions of Rule 4510.1 shall apply to eligible employees, as defined therein, with a perpetually infectious disease. In addition to the conditions set forth therein for use of sick leave days, such may also be used by persons with a perpetually infectious disease, if warranted to avoid opportunistic infections.

"Perpetually infectious diseases" are those diseases which are carried throughout life by the infected person and have the potential to be transmitted to other individuals and include but are not limited to: AIDS, ARC, CMV (as defined below), Tuberculosis, Hepatitis, and Herpes.



a.       Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) - infected with human T - lumphotropic virus type III/lumphadenophy associated virus (HTLV- III/LAV). Persons infected with this virus are unable to fight off a variety of infections and rare illnesses. Symptoms include repeated infections that result in persistent diarrhea, swollen glands, fatigue, fevers or persistent cough which the body is unable to fight off, eventually resulting in a life-threatening illness such as pneumonia or uncommon skin cancer. The disease is transmitted through blood to blood contact or intimate sexual contact.

b.       AIDS Related Complex (ARC) - a medical condition in which the body has repeated infections and is unable to protect itself from certain tumors and/or infections. Symptoms similar to AIDS are present but there has been no life-threatening illness. This condition may progress to AIDS although the symptoms may be the result of other diseases. The disease is transmitted through blood to blood contact or intimate sexual contact.

c.       Ctyomegalovirus (CMV) - common virus which is harmless to most persons. At greatest risk are fetuses and persons receiving medications which suppress their natural immunity to infections. It is transmitted by close person to person contact, body secretions and blood.

The following procedures shall be followed with respect to an employee who is suspected of having or has a perpetually infectious disease.

A.      Any employee who has or suspects that he/she has a perpetually infectious disease shall advise the superintendent or his designee. Such information shall be treated as confidential and will not be divulged to other persons or sources except to the extent necessary to take precautions to protect others from the disease.

B.       The superintendent may require an employee to provide current medical information or to submit to a medical evaluation if he has a reasonable suspicion that an employee has a perpetually infectious disease.

C.      If an employee has been diagnosed with a perpetually infectious disease, determination of whether the employee should be permitted to continue to be employed in his/her capacity will be made by a review of each individual case by a team (hereinafter "Team") established by the superintendent. The Team will consist of the school medical advisor, the employee's physician, the employee and/or his/her representative, the superintendent and/or his designee, the local Health Department representative and legal counsel, if desired. The Team shall meet within seven working days of the diagnosis and make a determination within ten working days of the Team meeting.



D.      The Team will consider the following factors in arriving at its recommendation as to the propriety of the employee's continued employment in his/her current capacity:

1.       The employee's work place and interaction with other persons;

2.       the physical condition of the employee;

3.       whether the employee's condition substantially interferes with his/her ability to perform essential job functions with reasonable accommodation; and

4.       whether the employee poses a substantial possibility of harm to others.

E.       Upon diagnosis and prior to a decision by the Team, the superintendent may remove the employee from the work place if he determines that the employee's presence in the work place poses a health threat.

F.       Based upon the information available to the Team, it may recommend:

1.       continued employment in his/her current capacity;

2.       reassignment;

3.       leave of absence;

4.       reduction in amount of employment;

5.       termination;

6.       such other reasonable accommodations as may permit the employee to perform essential job functions; or

7.       any combination of the above

G.      Based upon the Team's recommendation, the Superintendent shall take appropriate action. If the employee's employment status will be affected appropriate due process procedures as required by law shall be followed.

Legal References: 29 U.S.C. 794, 29 U.S.C. 705; Neb. Rev. Stat. 48-1101

Related Policies and Rules: 4100P; 4510P, 4510R1; 4510R6;

Rule Approved: September 6, 1988

Millard Public Schools

Revised September 7, 1993; March 17, 2003

Omaha, NE