Botanical: Chionanthus virginica (LINN.)
Family: N.O. Oleaceae
---Synonyms---Old Man's Beard. Fringe Tree
Bark. Chionathus. Snowdrop Tree. Poison Ash.
---Part Used---The dried bark of the root.
---Habitat---The United States, from Pennsylvania to Tennessee.
---Description---A small tree, bearing in
June white flowers like snowdrops, and with large leaves like those of
Magnolia, it presents a charming appearance. The root-bark is found in
single, transversely-curved pieces, often heavy enough (though small) to
sink in water. The outside is reddish or greyish-brown, with root scars
and whiter patches. The inner surface is a yellowishbrown. The fracture
is short, coarsely granular, and yellowish-white. It is almost odourless,
but very bitter in taste. The powder is light brown in colour.
---Constituents---It is said that both saponin and a glucoside
have been found, but neither appears to have been officially confirmed.
---Medicinal Action and Uses---Aperient, diuretic. Some
authorities regard it as tonic and slightly narcotic. It is used in
typhoid, intermittent, or bilious fevers, and externally, as a poultice,
for inflammations or wounds. Is useful in liver complaints.
fluid extract, 1/2 to 1 fluid drachm two or three times a day. Of
infusion, 1/2 to 2 fluid ounces two or three times a day. Chiomanthin, 1
to 3 grains.