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“The only thing necessary for these diseases to the triumph is for good people and governments to do nothing.”




The following descriptions are used with permission of: and

Name Description
BUPLEURUM ROOT (CHAI HU) Bupleurum is one of the most important herbs used in Chinese herbalism. Because of its detoxifying and anti-microbial properties, it has the ability to relieve liver tension and digestive disturbances. It is the primary herb regulating body energy, for relieving blockages in the body and then allowing the toxins to be discharged safely out of the system. Combined with white peony, bupleurum will detoxify the blood and eliminate heat. Bupleurum root is used in chronic hepatitis, enlarged liver, depression and irregular menstruation. It increases protein synthesis in the liver, and reduces inflammation by inhibiting prostaglandin production. The primary chemical constituents of bupleurum root include: saikosaponins, fatty acids, glycosides, oleic acid, palmitic acid, quercetin and narcissin. Research in Japan, beginning in the early 1960s and continuing today, has revealed that the saikosides are potent medicines. They appear to protect the liver from toxicity and strengthen liver function, even in people suffering from immune system disorders. Bupleurum grows in China and has been taken by the Chinese for over 2,000 years. Clinical trials have demonstrated that bupleurum is a safe and effective treatment for hepatitis C and other chronic liver problems.


WHITE PEONY (BAI SHAO YAO) The peony flower is the national flower of China. Peony root is highly prized for its ability to relax muscle and cleanse the blood. It relieves cramps and spasms anywhere in the body and is highly effective in relieving menstrual pain. It is believed to extend life and to promote beauty. Men should use peony as well, since it has an anti-aging effect without affecting hormones. In hepatitis, white peony is used primarily to nourish the blood circulation and to smooth and relax the liver. There are no known drug interactions with white peony root.


PRIVET FRUIT-LIGUSTRUM (NU ZHEN ZI) Privet fruit (ligustrum) is a shrub native to China and eastern Asia, but is now grown ornamentally in the United States. Used for a wide range of conditions, privet fruit is a tonic for the liver and kidneys. It helps to lower liver enzymes, inhibits degeneration and reduces necrosis of liver cells. It raises the white blood cell count, and can rapidly reduce jaundice. Privet fruit has gained a reputation as a powerful immune enhancing herb. In a study done in the United States, supported by the National Institutes of Health, privet fruit was found to prevent breakdown of the immune system when cancer patients were given chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Subsequent studies around the world have supported this action. It is now used clinically for this purpose in Japan and China. It is often combined with Lycium fruit or astragalus. The major constituent in privet fruit is ligustrin (oleanolic acid). Studies in China suggest that privet fruit stimulates the immune system, decreases inflammation and protects the liver. At regular doses, privet fruit has practically no toxicity.



ECLIPTA (HAN LIAN CAO) Eclipta is found in the lowlands of East Asia from China to Australia. The leaves are cooked and eaten as a vegetable and also used in Traditional Chinese Medicine as a cooling and restorative herb that supports the liver, the mind and eyes. The leaf extract is considered to be a powerful liver tonic and rejuvenative, and especially good for the hair. In India, Ayurvedic tradition uses eclipta to address liver cirrhosis, hepatitis, liver enlargement, jaundice and other liver conditions. Studies in mice show protective effects of Eclipta against known liver toxins. Eclipta can be applied topically to treat nosebleeds and bleeding caused by traumatic injury. Compounds found in eclipta suggest that it has anti-inflammatory properties, and can be used in the fight against liver disease. In Chinese Medicine, eclipta clears deficient heat and cools the blood. It is often used in combination with privet fruit and lycium to boost the immune system. It is well tolerated and has a high margin of safety. The American Herbal Products Association has stated there are no known drug interactions with eclipta.


LYCIUM BERRY-WOLFBERRY FRUIT (GOU QI ZI) Lycium berry fruit contains polysaccharides which have been demonstrated to strongly fortify the immune system. It is very rich in Vitamins C and B, and is the richest source of carotenoids, (including beta-carotene) in the world. It also contains 18 amino acids, numerous trace elements including germanium, and beta-sitosterol, a powerful anti-inflammatory agent. Lycium fruit traditionally has been a long favorite herb of Chinese martial artists and athletes because it strengthens the legs and increases vitality. It is also one of the fundamental sexual tonic herbs used in Chinese herbalism, especially when combined with other herbs such as cordyceps, astragalus, ginseng and schizandra. As an immune enhancer, when lycium extract was provided to 20 elderly people, once a day for 3 weeks, more than 67% of the patients' T cell transformation functions tripled and the activity of the patients' white cell interleukin-2 doubled. Lycium berry has been undergoing intense scrutiny as an anti-cancer drug in China and Japan. The fruit can kill many kinds of cancer cells in vitro because it contains germanium which has been demonstrated in Japanese studies to have anti-cancer activity. The berries are very nourishing and can inhibit the precipitation of fat in liver cells and promote the regeneration of the liver. Lycium fruit has absolutely no toxicity.


ANDROGRAPHIS (CHUAN XIN LIAN) Andrographis is used to rid the body of heat, as in fevers, and to dispel toxins from the body. In Scandinavian countries, it is commonly used to prevent and treat common colds. Research has confirmed that, properly administered, andrographis can be: anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, anti-viral, cardio-protective, digestive-promoting, liver-protective, immune- enhancing and anti-cancer. The primary medical component of andrographis is andrographolide. The herb has been used medicinally for centuries and has been extensively studied; most of these studies have been performed within the last half of the 20th century. It is now being tested in cancer and HIV patients. In Ayurvedic medicine (a system used in India), there are at least 26 different formulations containing andrographis that are used to treat liver disorders. An Indian study of hepatitis patients demonstrated a marked improvement in the majority patients tested after giving them the herb. Appetite improved on the 5th day of treatment, jaundice gradually diminished and completely disappeared within 24 days, and fever subsided after 7 days on average. Other indications of effectiveness included improvement in liver function tests. Grown in the subtropical areas of China and Southeast Asia, safety studies and clinical trials using andrographis have not reported any toxic effects.


SICHUAN LOVAGE ROOT-LIGUSTICUM (CHUAN XIONG) The Sichuan lovage rhizome is a perennial plant with white flowers, grown in Sichuan, China, that bear fruit in August and September of each year. It is considered by Eastern medical view to regulate and invigorate the blood, dispel wind and to relieve pain. It is most commonly used as an analgesic in the treatment of cold, headache and rheumatic pain, swelling, and pain due to traumatic injury. Studies dating back as far as 1958 show that lovage root is effective in the treatment of headaches by decreasing vascular resistance while increasing blood flow in the brain. In recent years, it has been used in the treatment of coronary heart disease and angina pectoris. The herb dilates the capillaries and other blood vessels and thus lowers blood pressure. In liver disease it primarily promotes an increased blood circulation, especially to the liver, and imparts a vital energy to the body.


ASTRAGALUS ROOT (HUANG QI) Astragalus is one of the oldest known herbs in Chinese Medicine and has been used for over 2000 years to strengthen the body as a whole, strengthen muscle, and improve metabolic functions. It is considered a deep immune tonic that increases the body's ability to produce more immune T cells, protecting us from pathogens. Studies at the M.D. Anderson Cancer Research Center at the University of Houston, Texas, demonstrated that astragalus improves the immune response in humans undergoing radiation and chemotherapy as a treatment for cancer. In China, astragalus is sometimes considered superior to ginseng as an energizer for young people. Astragalus has been proven to have potent immune-modulating effects in both animals and humans. Extracts of astragalus enhance macrophage activity and reduce the activity of suppresser T cells. The herbal extract significantly increases natural killer cell cytotoxicity. It helps antibody response. It tends to protect the white blood cells from leucopenia and has hematopoietic (red blood cell building) activity as well. The polysaccharides found in astragalus are potent anti-oxidants, hundreds of times stronger than Vitamin E, and stronger than that of grape seed extract. Astragalus is rich in zinc and selenium, components which have shown powerful anti-cancer activity. Astragalus may be added to almost any tonic formulation designed to strengthen the entire body. It is superb for young or old people, male or female. There are no known side effects associated with standardized astragalus extract.


PORIA (FU LING) Poria is very widely used in Chinese herbalism as a tonic to benefit the internal organs. It is a solid fungus which grows on the roots of old pine trees. It is a mild, safe and effective diuretic, used in hundreds of classical formulas to improve the flow of water through the body. Recent research has discovered that poria is a powerful immune system tonic. It has been found to induce the production in human beings of a-interferon. Poria is tranquilizing to the mind, and taken for a long time it can relieve hunger and lengthen the life. Poria is a very safe herb.



MELIA FRUIT (CHUAN LIAN ZI) Also known as the Sichuan pagoda tree, melia regulates qi (energy pathways) and stops pain, especially flank pain and pain in the lower ribs or abdomen. This is usually caused by liver-stomach disharmony or liver qi (energy) stagnation. In Traditional Chinese Medicine, the 2 main functions of the liver are to store the blood and to regulate body energy (qi). The liver regulates qi by promoting its free flow. When the liver is dysfunctional, qi does not flow freely and smoothly, thereby stagnating. This stagnation of the liver-energy (qi) involves the stomach and is manifested as stomachache, abdominal and rib pain. By regulating the liver qi, the herb calms the liver and alleviates pain


PEACH KERNEL (TAO REN) Peach kernel is found in all parts of China. Peach kernel helps promote circulation, dissolves accumulated clots, and acts as a laxative for dry intestines. It is said to "loosen the belly" and open stoppages of the liver. It helps to regulate menstruation and can be used after traumatic injuries with swelling and pain. Its major constituents are: oleic acid, glyceric acid, linoleic acid, and amygdalin emulsion.


SCHIZANDRA FRUIT (WU WEI ZI) Schizandra is one of the primary liver cleansing and hepatic protective herbs used in Chinese herbalism. By taking schizandra regularly, it is possible to rid the body of toxins before they have a chance to do serious damage. It can promote the regeneration of liver tissue, and enhance protein and nucleic acid synthesis. The protective action of schizandra is partly due to its ability to promote the regeneration of mitochondria in hepatic cells. This can improve the function of the cell membranes, detoxify, and reduce elevated ALT liver enzymes in about 80% of patients. From the fruit of schizandra, 7 active liver enzyme-lowering ingredients have been currently isolated. Schizandra fruit also contains various lignans, mainly schizandrins, which have been found to prevent liver damage, stimulate liver repair and preserve normal liver functioning. These properties appear to be related to the various anti-oxidant abilities of the schizandrins. There also have been numerous reports on schizandra's ability to quicken reflexes, control anger and combat insomnia, headaches and dizziness. A recent study concluded that schizandra might be helpful to reverse depression. Schizandra generates vitality and radiant beauty when used regularly. It is a safe and powerful tonic herb which is mildly calming for both men and women.


SOPHORA ROOT (SHAN DOU GEN) The active ingredient in sophora root is oxymatrine. Oxymatrine can prevent liver cell damage through its affect on the cytochrome P450 pathway. Thus, it can strengthen the detoxification capability of the liver. It also has shown anti-viral effects and it is immune regulatory. In China, the alkaloids are often given by injection, but since this method of administration is not currently available in the west, oral dosing is used here instead. Chinese researchers have also used the alkaloids in capsule form, with results that appear similar to the injection. Tests done at the Shanghai Second Medical University confirmed that sophora inhibited viral replication, not just causing a reduction in liver damage, but it actually inhibited viral activity, thereby reducing the viral load in hepatitis patients. By adding other Chinese herbs, effects at the Amoy Municipal Hospital in China were deemed to be comparable to those attained with interferon therapy, except that adverse reactions were avoided. In addition, the use of oxymatrine and Chinese herb formulas also inhibited liver fibrosis.


SICHUAN OX KNEE ROOT (CHUAN NIU XI) This is the root of the Achyranthes, a perennial plant, grown in China, Japan and India. It promotes blood circulation, regulates menstruation, nourishes the liver and kidneys and strengthens bones and muscles. Ox knee root acts predominantly on the lower half of the body and is used also in the treatment of aching back and knees. Used in combination with peach kernel, it helps soreness and pain of the waist and knees due to prolonged arthralgia. It disperses heat from the liver (due to inflammation) which can be responsible for dizziness, headaches and nose bleeding, thereby calming the liver. The Chinese consider emotions to have very powerful effects on the functioning of the internal organs, and strong or unresolved emotions can damage the organs with which they are associated. The primary emotion associated with the liver is anger, however, the liver is also responsible for keeping all of the emotions in a state of smooth flow. When there is emotional stress, the liver is overwhelmed and several types of liver dysfunction can result. Ox knee root helps nourish the liver and keep it healthy by promoting good blood circulation.


LICORICE (GAN CAO) Licorice is the most frequently used herb in Traditional Chinese Medicine and has been extensively studied. It is a sweet, mild herb and has many functions. It has anti-viral effects and can inhibit virus proliferation. It can normalize liver ALT and AST enzymes and restore liver function from damage due to carbon tetrachloride. Licorice can reduce degeneration and necrosis and promote regeneration of liver cells, and inhibit fibrosis. Licorice is the most broad-spectrum natural detoxifying agent known, ridding the body of over 1200 different toxins, without any distressful side effects. It is often used as an anti-inflammatory agent because it contains chemical components which act similarly to cortisone, but without the side effects. When combined with white peony root, it is a superb anti-spasmodic to relax both smooth and striated muscle and is famous for relieving cramps in the stomach, calves, and feet. Licorice root is rich in flavonoids, amino acids and biotin. As a tea, it acts as an anti-tussive (anti-cough) action similar to codeine, but without the drowsiness. It is safe in a carefully prepared formulation. Taken by itself, in large doses and for long term, it can raise blood pressure in some individuals. Since the herb is powerful, only small doses are usually sufficient to achieve excellent results. Many Chinese formulas use licorice as a harmonizing ingredient. It is believed that licorice harmonizes the ingredients in an herbal formulation, eliminating harshness of action and promoting smooth activity of the herbs.