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“The only thing necessary for these diseases to the triumph is for good people and governments to do nothing.”

    

Impact of HIV/AIDS on food and nutrition security

(Related References)

Economic impact and food security

  • Ainsworth M.. Government priorities for preventing HIV/AIDS. (March 1998 Finance & Development under "Back Issues"
  • Anand, K, CS Pandav, LM Nath. Impact of HIV/AIDS on the national economy of India. Health Policy 47 (1999): 195-205.
  • Barnett T, Blaikie P. AIDS in Africa. Its present and future impact. New York, John Wiley, and London, Guilford Press, 1992. This review of the impact of AIDS on African countries includes chapters dedicated to orphans, family and community coping mechanisms and the social and economic effects of HIV/AIDS.
  • Barnett T., Blaikie P. Simple Methods for Monitoring the Socio-Economic Impact of AIDS: Lessons from Research in Uganda and Kenya. [Abstract of Journal Article] African Urban Quarterly, 1992, 7, 3-4, Aug-Nov, 268-272.
  • Bazira I. The spread of HIV/AIDS and its consequences in Africa: the Tanzania experience. Int Conf AIDS. 1994 Aug 7-12;10(1):441 (abstract no. PD0373).
  • Bloom D, Lyons J, eds. The economic implication of AIDS in Asia. Dehli, UNDP, 1992, pp. 97-110.
  • Cohen D. The economic impact of the HIV epidemic. Issues paper 2, UNDP, New York, 1992
  • Cohen D. Socio-economic causes and consequences of the HIV epidemic in Southern Africa: a case study of Namibia. Issues paper No. 31, UNDP
  • Danziger R. The social impact of HIV/AIDS in developing countries. Soc Sci Med. 1994 Oct;39(7):905-17.
  • Forsythe S; Siegel G; Nyamete A. The evolution and role of socioeconomic impact assessments in the policy process. Int Conf AIDS. 1996 Jul 7-12;11(2):402 (abstract no. Th.D.4972)
  • Harvard University AIDS Institute. The Social and Economic Impact of HIV in Thailand
    http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/hai/publications/tar/tar_spring94.html
    The AIDS Report, Special Report: AIDS in Asia Spring 1994, The Harvard University AIDS Institute
  • Loewensen, Rene and Alan Whiteside SAfAIDS Occasional Paper No. 2, Harare, Zimbabwe. March 1997.
  • Lyn Squire. AIDS: an economic perspective. (March 1998 Finance & Development under "Back Issues" at
  • Mann R. et al. The Economic Impact of Adult Mortality in Households in Rakai district, Uganda, in: Ainsworth M, Fransen L, and Over M, Confronting AIDS: Evidence from the Developing World, Chapter 15, The World Bank and the European Commission, Official Publications of the European Communities, Brussels, 1998.
  • Mtika, MM. Social and Cultural Relations in Economic Action: Peasant Food Security in the Context of the Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) Epidemic in Malawi. [Dissertation] Dissertation Abstracts International, 1999, 60, 4, Oct, 1354-A or Environment & Planning A. Vol. 32(2) pp 345-60. February 2000
  • Over M. Coping with the impact of AIDS. (March 1998 Finance & Development under "Back Issues" at
  • Over M. The macroeconomic impact of AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa. Washington, DC, World Bank Population Health and Nutrition Division, 1992 (AFTPN Technical Working Paper 3).
  • Topouzis D. Uganda: The socio-economic impact of HIV/AIDS on rural families with an emphasis on youth. Rome, FAO, 1994 (TCP/UGA/2256)
  • UNAIDS/WORLD BANK press release Durban South Africa, 11 July 2000. Aids hindering economic growth, worsening poverty in hard-hit countries
  • Wehrwein P. The Economic Impact of AIDS in Africa. Fall/Winter 2000 issue of the Harvard AIDS Review

The article focuses on "the high costs of caring for those infected with HIV and of losing skilled, productive members of the workforce places the economies of African families and nations in jeopardy."

  • Whiteside A and Stover J. The demographic and economic impact of AIDS in Africa. AIDS 1997, 11 (suppl B):S55-S61
    (Available from WHO/NHD)
  • World Bank. Intensifying Action against HIV/AIDS in Africa: Responding to a Development Crisis. Word Bank, 1999 (ISBN 0-8213-4572-9).
  • World Bank. Confronting AIDS, Public Priorities in a Global Epidemic Chapter IV: 173-238 Oxford University Press, New York, 1997
    

Food security at national level

  • Barnett, T. & Rugalema, G. HIV/AIDS and Food Security. In: Flores, R. and Gillespie, S. (eds) Health and Nutrition: Emerging and Reemerging Issues in Developing Countries. 2020 Focus 5, IFPRI Washington DC. 2001
  • Bellin, F. Benterbusch, R. Dollinger, A. AIDS –consequences for the nutrition security in developing countries (DE) AIDS - Konsequenzen für die Ernährungssicherheit in Entwicklungsländern. 3 ill.; 28 ref. Entwicklung und ländlicher Raum (Germany). (1994). v. 28(6) p. 14-17. 1994
  • Botswana Institute for Development Policy Analysis (BIDPA). Impacts of HIV/AIDS on Poverty and Income Inequality in Botswana. BIDPA. August 2000.
  • Gillespie S., Haddad L., Jackson R. HIV/AIDS, Food and Nutrition Security: Impact and Actions. Prepared for the 28th Session of the ACC/SCN Symposium on Nutrition and HIV/AIDS, May 20001.
  • World Food Programme (WFP). Food Security, Food Aid and HIV/AIDS Study. Part I: WFP Uganda Case Study and Part II: Strategy, Pilot Projects and an Agenda for WFP/Uganda. WFP, 2000
  • World Food Programme (WFP). Food Security, Food Aid and HIV/AIDS Study. An Agenda, Strategy and Pilot Projects for WFP/Kenya. WFP, 2001
  • World Food Programme (WFP). Food Security, Food Aid and HIV/AIDS Study: Ethiopia. WFP, 2001
  • World Food Programme (WFP). Food Security, Food Aid and HIV/AIDS in Zambia. WFP, 2001
  • World Food Programme (WFP). Food Security, Food Aid and HIV/AIDS Study. Report on a Mission to Cambodia for the World Food Programme. WFP, 2001
  • World Food Programme (WFP). Food Security, Food Aid and HIV/AIDS: Project Ideas to Address the HIV/AIDS Crisis. 2001
  • World Food Programme (WFP). Guidance Note on Food Security, Food Aid and HIV/AIDS. 26 March 2001 draft.

Food security at household and community level

  • Aggleton P. & Bertozzi S.M. Report from a Consultation on the Socio-Economic Impact of HIV/AIDS on Households, Chiangmai, Thailand, 22-24 September 1995
  • Ankrah EM. The impact of HIV/AIDS on the family and other significant relationships: the African clan revisited. AIDS Care 5(1):5-22, 1993.
  • Baier EG. The impact of HIV/AIDS on rural households/communities and the need for multisectoral prevention and mitigation strategies to combat the epidemic in rural areas (with special emphasis on Africa). Rome, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 1997. 
  • Bailey M; Tolossa A; Tena N; Degneh B; Fisseha; Minda T; Tamre A. Caring & coping strategies of families living with TB & AIDS in east Hararghe & Harar, Ethiopia. Int Conf AIDS. 1998;12:482 (abstract no. 24212)
  • Barnett T. & Blaikie P. AIDS in Africa. Its present and future impact. New York, John Wiley, and London, Guilford Press, 1992. This review of the impact of AIDS on African countries includes chapters dedicated to orphans, family and community coping mechanisms and the social and economic effects of HIV/AIDS.
  • Batusa RJ. From household to community concern. Int Conf AIDS. 1998;12:483 (abstract no. 24218)
  • Beegle K, Ainsworth M, Lwihula G. Reorganising household activities to cope with adult deaths. IX International Conference on AIDS and STD in Africa. Kampala, December 1995 (abstract WeD269)
  • Bharat S. & Aggleton P. Facing the challenge: household responses to HIV/AIDS in Mumbai, India. [Journal Article] AIDS Care. 11(1):31-44, 1999 Feb.
  • Bharat S. Household and Community Response to HIV/AIDS: Executive Summary of a Study in Mumbai. Indian Journal of Social Work, 1997, 58, 1, Jan, 90-98
  • Bharat S. Singhanetra-Renard A. Aggleton P. Household and community response to HIV/AIDS in Asia: the case of Thailand and India. AIDS. 12 Suppl B:S117-22, 1998.
  • Brown, L.R.; Webb, P.; Haddad, L. The role of labour in household food security: implications of AIDS in Africa. 17 ref. Food Policy (United Kingdom). (1994). v. 19(6) p. 568-573
  • Castro R. Orozco E. Aggleton P. Eroza E. Hernandez JJ. Family responses to HIV/AIDS in Mexico. Social Science & Medicine. 47(10):1473-84, 1998 Nov.
  • Donahue J. Discussion Papers on HIV/AIDS Care and Support: Community-Based Economic Support for Households Affected by HIV/AIDS.
    This report is part of a series of papers on HIV/AIDS care and support. It was written, edited, and produced by the Health Technical Services Project of TvT Associates and The Pragma Corporation for the HIV-AIDS Division of U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). The opinions expressed in the document are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of TvT, Pragma, or USAID. (38 pages, PDF format, 98kb)
  • Egal F. & Valstar A. HIV/AIDS and nutrition: helping families and communities to cope. Food, Nutrition and Agriculture No. 25, 1999, FAO. 
  • Hansen K. Woelk G. Jackson H. Kerkhoven R. Manjonjori N. Maramba P. Mutambirwa J. Ndimande E. Vera E. The cost of home-based care for HIV/AIDS patients in Zimbabwe. AIDS Care. 10(6):751-9, 1998 Dec.
  • McGrath JW. Ankrah EM. Schumann DA. Nkumbi S. Lubega M. AIDS and the urban family: its impact in Kampala, Uganda. AIDS Care. 5(1):55-70, 1993.
  • Mujinja P & Over M. Expenditures on medical care and funerals in household experiencing adult deaths in Northwestern Tanzania. IX International Conference on AIDS and STD in Africa. Kampala, December 1995 (abstract WeD268
  • Mutangadura G. Household welfare impacts of mortality of adult females in Zimbabwe: Implications for policy and program development. Paper presented at the AIDS and Economics Symposium, organized by the IAEN Network. Durban 7-8 July 2000.
  • Mutangadura G. & Mukurazita D. A review of household and community responses to the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the rural areas of sub-Saharan Africa." UNAIDS January 1999.  
  • Mutangadura G. & Webb D. The socio-economic impact of adult mortality and morbidity on urban households in Zambia. AIDS Analysis Africa 9(4) Dec 98/Jan 99
  • Mtika M. Illness, deaths, and social obligations: peasant food security in the context of AIDS in Malawi. Int Conf AIDS. 1998;12:472 (abstract no. 24159)
  • Nampanya-Serpell N. Social and Economic Risk Factors for HIV/AIDS-Affected Families in Zambia. Prepared for AIDS and Economics Symposium. Durban. 7-8 July , 2001
  • Page, S.L.J. Longevity in HIV+ Mothers: The Need to Promote Good Health, Household Food Security and Economic Empowerment to Ensure Family Survival in Southern Africa. Paper prepared for the Expert Group Meeting on HIV/AIDS and Gender, Windhoek, Namibia, 13-17 November 2000, draft.
  • Pitayanon S, Kongsin S, & Janjareon WS. The Economic Impact of HIV/AIDS Mortality on Households in Thailand, in Bloom, David and Peter Godwin, eds., "The Economics of HIV and AIDS: The Case of South and South East Asia." UNDP 1997.
  • Rugalema G. It Is Not Only the Loss of Labour - HIV/AIDS: Loss of Household Assets and Household Livelihood in Bukoba District, Tanzania Paper presented at the East and Southern Africa Regional Conference on: Responding to HIV/AIDS: Development Needs of African Smallholder, Agriculture, Harare, 8-12 June 1998
  • Sichone M; Mulenga D; Msiska R; Fylkesnes K. Care of chronically ill/HIV disease at home: adequacy, coping capacities and support needs in selected Zambian communities. Int Conf AIDS. 1996 Jul 7-12;11(1):44 (abstract no. Mo.D.230).
  • Tapia-Conyer R; Martin A; Revuelta A; Rodriguez S. The economic impact of AIDS at the household level in Mexico. Int Conf AIDS. 1990 Jun 20-23;6(2):291 (abstract no. F.D.839).
  • UNAIDS. A review of household and community responses to the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the rural areas of sub-Sahara Africa. UNAIDS, 1999. 
  • Warwick, Ian; Bharat, Shalini; Castro, Roberto; Garcia, Rafael; Leshabari, Melkizedeck T; Singhanetra-Renard, Anchalee; Aggleton, Peter. Household and Community Responses to HIV and AIDS in Developing Countries. Critical Public Health, 1998, 8, 4, Dec, 311-328
    

Food security at individual level — orphans

  • Ayieko. From single parents to child-headed households: the case of children orphaned by AIDS in Kisumu and Siaya districts. A research project report of the University of Illinois, Department of International Programs and Studies, was supported by UNDP HIV and Development Programme, NY. September 1997.
  • Barnett T & Blaikie P. AIDS in Africa. Its present and future impact. New York, John Wiley, and London, Guilford Press, 1992. This review of the impact of AIDS on African countries includes chapters dedicated to orphans, family and community coping mechanisms and the social and economic effects of HIV/AIDS.
  • De Capua J. Interview: Zambia AIDS Orphans Study
     
  • Foster G. Shakespeare R. Chinemana F. Jackson H. Gregson S. Marange C. Mashumba S. Orphan prevalence and extended family care in a peri-urban community in Zimbabwe. AIDS Care. 7(1):3-17, 1995.
  • Rugalema G. One life time, twice orphan: AIDS and the rural elderly in Africa. Int Conf AIDS. 1998;12:252 (abstract no. 14348)
  • Rutayuga JB; Mutakyahwa CF; Kidza M. Self-reliance empowers kinship systems to more effectively raise orphans in east Africa. Int Conf AIDS. 1996 Jul 7-12;11(2):491 (abstract no. Pub.D.1346).
  • UNICEF. Children orphaned by AIDS: Front-line responses from eastern and southern Africa.

Sectoral-level impact and food security

  • Author (?). HIV/AIDS and small-holder agriculture in Zimbabwe. AIDS Analysis Africa 10(2) Aug/Sep 1999.
  • Anand K & Pandav CS. Impact of HIV/AIDS on the national economy of India. Health Policy 47 (1999): 195-205. 1999.
  • Barnett T. Subsistence agriculture. In: Barnett A, Blas E, Whiteside A, eds. AIDS Brief, 1996, 4-5 (GPA/UNAIDS).
  • Barnett T. The effects of HIV/AIDS on farming systems and rural livelihoods in Uganda, Tanzania and Zambia. Rome, FAO, 1994 (Project TSS/1 RAF/92/TO/A). This final report for the FAO compares the effects of HIV/AIDS on rural families and production, and highlights the important disparities between these countries.
  • Barnett, T. & M. Halswimmer. The impact of HIV/AIDS on farming systems in Eastern Africa. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, 1995.
  • du Guerny J. AIDS and agriculture in Africa: can agricultural policy make a difference? Food, Nutrition and Agriculture No. 23, 1999, FAO
  • du Guerny J. Rural children living in farm systems affected by HIV/AIDS: Some issues for the rights of the child on the basis of FAO studies in Africa.

Paper presented at the UNHCHR Committee on the Rights of the Child: day of discussion on "Children living in a world of AIDS". Geneva 5 October 1998 (also under publication by Harvad)

  • Engh IE, Stloukal L & du Guerny J. HIV/AIDS in Namibia: The impact on the livestock sector. FAO, Rome February 2000.
  • FAO. The Effects of HIV/AIDS on Farming Systems in Eastern Africa, FAO Farm Management and Production Economics Service, Rome, 1995, 173 pp.
  • FAO. What has AIDS to do with agriculture? I/V370E/1/1.94/1000, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, 1994 (This document describes the impact of HIV/AIDS on crop and animal production and further rural livelihood strategies for small farmers, and presents recommendations for mitigating these effects).
  • FAO/UNAIDS. Sustainable Agricultural/Rural Development and Vulnerability to the AIDS Epidemic. UNAIDS Best Practice Collection. FAO. Rome, 1999.
  • Haslwimmer M. Is HIV/AIDS a threat to livestock production? The example of Rakai, Uganda. World Animal Review of the FAO, 1994, 80-81:92- 97
  • Norse D (FAO). Socio-economic impact of AIDS on food production in East Africa. Int Conf AIDS. 1991 Jun 16-21;7(1):71 (abstract no. TU.D.57).
  • Rugalema. HIV/AIDS and the Commercial Agricultural Sector of Kenya: Impact, Vulnerability, Susceptibility and Coping Strategies. FAO/UNDP 1999. Summary available
  • Tibaijuka, Anna Kajumulo. AIDS and Economic Welfare in Peasant Agriculture: Case Studies from Kagabiro Village, Kagera Region, Tanzania. World Development, 1997, 25, 6, June, 963-975
  • Topouzis, D. Measuring the impact of HIV/AIDS on the agricultural sector in Africa. Joint and Cosponsored Program on AIDS. Geneva: UNAIDS, December 2000.
  • Topouzis, D. The Implications of HIV/AIDS for Rural Development Policy and Programming: Focus on Sub-Saharan Africa. UNDP: HIV and Development Programme and FAO: Sustainable Development Department. June 1998
  • Whiteside A. Commercial agriculture. In: Barnett A, Blas E, Whiteside A, eds. AIDS Brief, 1996, 1-2 (GPA/UNAIDS).

Zola A. The implications of AIDS for the agricultural sector in Lao PDR. In: Bloom D, Lyons J, eds. The economic implications of AIDS in Asia. Delhi, UNDP, 1992, pp. 97-110.