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“The only thing necessary for these diseases to the triumph is for good people and governments to do nothing.”

AIDS and Hepatitis C:
Insurance, Labor Department Issues


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    The bloodborne pathogens standard addresses the broad issue of occupational exposure to blood and other potentially infectious materials and is not meant solely for employees in health care settings. Since there is no population that is risk free for human immunodeficiency virus and hepatitis B virus infectivity, any employee who has occupational exposure to blood or other potentially infectious materials is included within the scope of this standard.
     It is important to note that the definition of "occupational exposure"; comprises the reasonable anticipation that the employee will come into contact with these fluids during the course of performing his or her work duties. Therefore, OSHA anticipates that this standard will impact upon all non-health care industries in a similar fashion, i.e., that employees who are designated as responsible for rendering first aid or medical assistance as part of their job duties are
to be covered by this standard. This is because it is reasonable to anticipate that an employee designated to render first aid will have occupational exposure to blood or other potentially infectious materials.


     Employees who perform "Good Samaritan" acts are not, per se, covered by this standard (This worker voluntarily put himself at risk and bears the responsibility for that risk), although OSHA
would encourage an employer to offer follow-up procedures to an employee who experiences an exposure incident as the result of performing a "Good Samaritan" act. This is because such an action does not constitute "occupational exposure", as defined by the standard. The key to this issue is not whether employees have been trained in first aid, but whether they are also designated as responsible for rendering medical assistance. While many workers may be trained in first aid and CPR, not all of these employees would necessarily be designated to render first aid.



Document Name & Link to Document


File Size /Type**

HIV/AIDS and Health Insurance This brochure is intended to help employers who are concerned about the impact of AIDS and other expensive illnesses on their health care costs and their businesses, especially employers with fewer than 100 employees. 48 kb pdf

The NIH Consensus Conference on Hepatitis C

The National Institutes of Health convened the second Management of Hepatitis C Consensus DevelopmentConference on June 10, 2002 in Bethesda, Maryland. The first Management of Hepatitis C ConsensusConference was held in March 1997 that established the current approaches that are utilized in themanagement and care of Hepatitis C Virus.



New Rules for Employee Wellness Programs and Health Benefits under HIPAA HIPAA, the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996, enacted nondiscrimination provisions prohibiting a health plan from charging similarly situated individuals different premiums or contributions based on a health factor. Plans may, however, offer a reward, such as a premium discount or waiver of a cost-sharing requirement, if the reward is based on participation in a program of health promotion or disease prevention. These new rules should be beneficial to employers and others involved in designing and administering group health plans Pdf 35 kb
Nondiscrimination and Wellness Programs in Health Coverage in the Group Market This document contains final rules governing the provisions prohibiting discrimination based on a health factor for group health  plans and issuers of health insurance coverage offered in connection  with a group health plan. The rules contained in this document  implement changes made to the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (Code), the  Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (ERISA), and the Public  Health Service Act (PHS Act) enacted as part of the Health Insurance  Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA).  

OSHA Standards Interpretation and Compliance

It is important to note that the definition of "occupational exposure" comprises the reasonable anticipation that the employee will come into contact with these fluids during the course of performing his or her work duties


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