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“The only thing necessary for these diseases to the triumph is for good people and governments to do nothing.”



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Background Paper for the North American Regional Consultation on the Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children Any attempts to develop a profile of youth who are involved in prostitution in Canada are difficult because of lack of information.  There is some evidence that many are runaways and homeless and engage in street prostitution.  However, there also are indications that some engage in prostitution even though they live at home, and some work in venues run under the auspices of other businesses such as escort agencies. 349 kb pdf
Canadian prisons will soon feature tattoo parlors Toronto - Correctional Service of Canada plans to set up official tattoo parlors for inmates in the hope that it will decrease the rampant spread of hepatitis C and other communicable diseases through prisons and penitentiaries.  A survey of federal inmates determined that 3,176 prisoners, 26% of the prison population, were infected with hepatitis C. The rate is 30 times that of the general population.  
Chronic Diseases in Canada Magazine from Canada that deals with chronic diseases, also provides some math models 838 kb pdf
Eighth hospital discloses instruments not disinfected The number of Ontario hospitals hit with infection-control woes is up to eight after York Central Hospital revealed yesterday an instrument used in nose and throat exams hadn't been completely sterilized  

Health Care Reform: Lessons From Canada

 Although Canadian health care seems to be perennially in crisis, access, quality, and satisfaction in Canada are relatively high, and spending is relatively well controlled

 98 kb pdf

Hepatitis A Public health report on this illness 59 kb pdf
Hepatitis B Public health report on this illness 73 kb pdf
Hepatitis B-Canada 1999 Public health report on this illness 53 kb pdf
Hepatitis B-Canada 2000 Public health report on this illness 53 kb pdf
Hepatitis B-Canada 2001 Public health report on this illness 79 kb pdf
Hepatitis C-Canada 1999 Public health report on this illness 52 kb pdf
Hepatitis C-Canada 2000 Public health report on this illness 42 kb pdf
Hepatitis C-Canada 2001 Public health report on this illness 52 kb pdf
Hepatitis D-Canada Public health report on this illness 59 kb pdf
Hepatitis E-Canada Public health report on this illness 60 kb pdf
Hepatitis G-Canada Public health report on this illness 57 kb pdf

HIV-Related Stigma and Discrimination - The Epidemic Continues

This article is one of a series commissioned to mark the tenth anniversary of the Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network, discussing past developments and future directions in areas of policy and law related to HIV/AIDS.


HIV/AIDS and Hepatitis C in Prisons: The Facts 2004/2005 As in Canada, rates of HIV-infection in prison populations worldwide are much higher than in the general population. They are, in general, closely related to two factors: the proportion of prisoners who injected drugs prior to imprisonment, and the rate of HIV infection among injection drug users in the community. Many of those who are HIV-positive in prison were already living with the virus on the outside. Indeed, the highest rates of HIV infection in prisons can be found in areas where rates of HIV infection are high among injection drug users in the community. Commenting on the situation in the United States, the US National Commission on AIDS stated that “by choosing mass imprisonment as the ... governments’ response to the use of drugs, we have created a de facto policy of incarcerating more and more individuals with HIV infection.”  
HIV/AIDS, and Hepatitis B and C: Preventing Exposure at Work This booklet is for employers and workers who are not expected to come in contact with blood and body fluids at their workplaces-but who could have contact with these fluids in rare, isolated incidents that can’t be foreseen 637 kb pdf
HIV/AIDS, and Hepatitis B and C: Preventing Exposure at Work-Canada Most workers won’t ever contact, at work, blood and certain body fluids that can spread HIV and the hepatitis B and C viruses.  But even employers and workers in setting where contact with blood and these fluids is not expected should be aware of some basic precautions.  This is because it is possible to become infected from a single exposure incident—that is, harmful contact with infected blood and body fluids. 825 kb pdf
Lost Lives: Work-related deaths in British Columbia Under the requirements of the Workers Compensation Act, a worker must report an injury or a disabling occupational disease as soon as possible to the employer.  The employer must report work-related injuries, occupational diseases, and work-related deaths to the WCB within three days.  A worker may not make an agreement with the employer to give up WCB benefits. 3606 kb pdf
Non-profit guide for HIV/AIDS from Canada Key Canadian partners and regional organizations that may assist non-profit organizations 29 kb pdf

PHS Community Services Society v. Attorney General of Canada,

When within the confines of the Vancouver Safe Injection Site (“Insite”), drug users not liable to prosecution for possessing a controlled substance contrary to s. 4(1) of the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act, R.S.C. 1996, c. 19 (the “CDSA”), or staff, for trafficking contrary to s. 5(1). Users and staff have been afforded exemptions by the Federal Minister of Health under s. 56 of the CDSA:

Pdf 189 kb
Prostitution in Canada: Throughout time prostitution has aroused a wide range of emotions from the communities in which it exists. Some are morally outraged by its presence, others merely curious. Some view it as a threat, others as a necessary evil. However, at least in recorded history, no society has completely accepted it as a valid and integral part of the community. Prostitution is something to be abhorred or tolerated but never condoned. It is a "nuisance," a "problem," but above all it is an embarrassment. For the religiously inclined it reminds us that we are far from the moral standards set for us by most scriptures. For government officials it is considered a sign of their mismanagement since prostitution is taken to symbolize a society in decline. For police officials it is a blotch on their record, an indication of incompetency, because it is something they are unable to control much less eradicate. For many feminists it signals the continued entrenchment of the patriarchy, the ultimate exploitation of women, a significant indication of how far we are from achieving full gender equality. Prostitution is the poor relative of whom we are slightly ashamed, the black sheep of the family who is a reproach to our cultural image of ourselves. And so like most families in this situation we would keep prostitution out of sight, if not out of mind, as much as possible.  
Recent changes to visitor visa process affecting entry into Canada for people living with HIV/AIDS With the upcoming XVI International AIDS Conference being held in Toronto next year (August 13-18, 2006), Canadian immigration policy and practice is under an international spotlight.  Several months ago, based upon an HIV-positive visitors experience with Canadas application process for a visitors visa, important questions were raised regarding potential difficulties for people living with HIV/AIDS entering Canada to attend the XVI International AIDS Conference  
Researchers Say Canadian Injection Site a Success Government leaders should understand that allowing safer  injection facilities to operate in other Canadian cities is  consistent with conservative values aimed at diminishing illicit drug  use and HIV transmission  

Sacred lives

Previous studies have shown sexually exploited Aboriginal children and youth form a disproportionately high percentage of the sex trade

Pdf 818 kb

Shortage of nurses looms across Canada

According to a study released Tuesday, if the trend of nurses taking early retirement at 55 continues a pace, the numbers lost could more than double that, to above 64,000, or 28 per cent of the RN workforce in 2001.


Stigma and discrimination are fuelling the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Canada Reducing the stigma and discrimination related to HIV is the key to reducing the worst effects of the epidemic in Canada, the Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network said today at the national launch of their Plan of Action for Canada to Reduce HIV/AIDS-Related Stigma and Discrimination. “Federal and provincial governments in Canada have a legal obligation to ensure that the rights of people living with and vulnerable to HIV/AIDS are respected,” said Glenn Betteridge, Senior Policy Analyst at the Legal Network. “If they do not fulfill this obligation, they are allowing the stigma and discrimination related to HIV to continue to worsen the impact of AIDS in Canada.” Pdf 376 kb

Strategic Plan-Cover.

Getting attention.

Getting key partners.

Getting money.

Getting partners.

 Methods for raising awareness for issues

Pdf 136 kb





Supreme Court Rules-Canada Trial and appellate courts in Canada and other countries have previously decided cases where HIV-positive persons have been charged under criminal or public health laws for conduct that transmits or risks transmitting HIV. 646 kb pdf
THE EXPERIENCE OF SPECIFIC POPULATIONS This section of the Paper aims to describe stigma and discrimination as experienced by specific populations affected by the HIV epidemic in Canada. The differentiation of populations affected by HIV/AIDS is a social and cultural construction. Such differentiation may itself contribute to discrimination, as when drug users or sex workers are vilified as "vectors of disease." On the other hand, the failure to recognize and acknowledge publicly the experiences of a particular population in the course of the HIV/AIDS epidemic has also led to neglect and avoidance of that population's needs, as gay men have found in the "de-gaying" of AIDS  

Through the looking Glass: The health and socio-economic status of Hepatitis C Virus positive transfusion recipients, 1986-1990

Long-term study on the economic effects of Hepatitis C Virus infections and the lives the disease has impacted

306 kb pdf

Voices for Dignity: A call to End the Harms Caused by Canada’s Sex Trade Laws (Large file-please allow extra time for download) The sale of sexual services between consenting adults is legal under Canadian law…Over the past several years, the public has become increasingly aware of the issue of violence against sex workers 1321 kb pdf


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