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“The only thing necessary for these diseases to the triumph is for good people and governments to do nothing.”




Main topics can be found within the left column; sub-topics and/or research reports can be found near the bottom of this page.  Thank you

We offer a monthly newsletter dealing with the various issues surrounding infectious diseases.  To find out more click HERE.

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AIDS-Related Stigma and Social Interaction: Puerto Ricans Living With HIV/AIDS


People living with HIV/AIDS are stigmatized. Although personal and social consequences of this stigmatization have been documented, research regarding its impact on social interactions is scarce. Latinos, and Puerto Ricans in particular, have voiced concern regarding AIDS stigma. The authors investigated the key role of social interaction in the process of stigmatization through in-depth, semistructured interviews in a sample of 30 Puerto Ricans living with HIV/AIDS. Participants reported instances in which AIDS stigma negatively influenced social interactions with family, friends, sexual partners, coworkers, and health professionals. Some of the consequences they described were loss of social support, persecution, isolation, job loss, and problems accessing health services. Findings support the need for interventions to address AIDS stigma and its consequences. Pdf 121 kb
Education and HIV/AIDS in the Caribbean  (Large file-please allow extra time for download) This book is addressed to those who are concerned about the interaction between the HIV/AIDS epidemic and the education sector in Caribbean countries.  One of its recurrent themes is that education’s response to the epidemic will depend heavily on the combined efforts of a wide range of partners. 1913 kb pdf
HIV/AIDS in Latin America and the Caribbean The objective of the study is to examine the current HIV/AIDS situation in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) with specific reference to the country, regional and thematic priorities identified by the team. It is also to make recommendations for programming, advocacy, staff training, fundraising and capacity building as part of the LACGD's regional policy and strategy review. It was agreed that this document would comprise the HIV/AIDS component of the LACGD's process of reflection on regional priorities and strategies, ongoing concurrently.  

We offer a monthly newsletter dealing with the various issues surrounding infectious diseases.  To find out more click HERE.

HIV/AIDS Legal, Ethical and Human Rights Issues in Jamaica Under the terms of reference we have in this section examined several pieces of legislation with a view to identifying the laws that directly or indirectly have a bearing in the legal, ethical and human rights issues associated with HIV/AIDS and to thereafter review these with a view to recommending amendments, if necessary, to facilitate rather than hinder prevention efforts and to promote and facilitate care and support for HIV/AIDS persons.  
HIV/AIDS Prevention and Care-Cuba’s Experience Since the mid-eighties, the fight against HIV/AIDS has gradually mobilized governments, international agencies and non-governmental organizations.  However, it became evident that despite massive action to inform the public about the risks, behavioural changes were not occurring as expected.  The infection continued to expand rapidly and serious questions began to emerge as to the efficiency of the efforts undertaken in combating the illness.  Experience has demonstrated that the HIV/AIDS epidemic is a complex, multifaceted issue that requires close cooperation and therefore multidimensional strategies. 114 kb pdf


The main components of this program are policy, planning and program management, STC case management, behavior change communication, condom promotion, surveillance, research, laboratory strengthening, training and HIV/AIDS care, counseling and support

Pdf 85 kb

Jamaica-monitoring and evaluation of the HIV/AIDS/STD The employment of individuals with specific focus on behaviour change communication, surveillance and condom promotion has facilitated the development of these components, the monitoring and evaluation of which are the best indicators of the achievements 85 kb pdf
Legal and Ethical Sub-Committee in Jamaica Although this Sub-committee does not meet on a regular basis the work has continued and a document on the Legal, Ethical and Human Rights Issues of HIV / AIDS in Jamaica was presented to the National AIDS Committee in December 2001. This was the result of a review done by consultants McNeil and MacFarlene on the gaps in legislation / policies in Jamaica as it relates to HIV / AIDS and related issues.  
Pregnancy in Perinatally HIV-Infected Adolescents and Young Adults -- Puerto Rico, 2002 The number of perinatally HIV-infected females in the United States who are becoming both sexually active and pregnant is increasing. During August 1998-May 2002, a total of 10 pregnancies were identified among eight perinatally HIV-infected adolescents and young adults in Puerto Rico; in April 2002, the Puerto Rico Department of Health (PRDOH) asked CDC to assist in assessing such pregnancies. This report describes these pregnancies and discusses factors associated with sexual activity and pregnancy.  

Prevention of Mother to Child HIV

Due to lack of adequate human and financial resources, and to other constrains, some communication initiatives, including the ones employed in the response to HIV/AIDS, are still too often developed without a proper strategic planning methodology

Pdf 27 kb

Response of religious groups to HIV/AIDS as a sexually transmitted infection in Trinidad

HIV/AIDS-related stigma and discrimination are significant determinants of HIV transmission in the Caribbean island nation of Trinidad and Tobago (T&T), where the adult HIV/AIDS prevalence is 2.5%. T&T is a spiritually-aware society and over 104 religious groups are represented. This religious diversity creates a complex social environment for the transmission of a sexually transmitted infection like HIV/AIDS. Religious leaders are esteemed in T&T's society and may use their position and frequent interactions with the public to promote HIV/AIDS awareness, fight stigma and discrimination, and exercise compassion for people living with HIV/AIDS (PWHA). Some religious groups have initiated HIV/AIDS education programs within their membership, but previous studies suggest that HIV/AIDS remains a stigmatized infection in many religious organizations. The present study investigates how the perception of HIV/AIDS as a sexually transmitted infection impacts religious representatives' incentives to respond to HIV/AIDS in their congregations and communities. In correlation, the study explores how the experiences of PWHA in religious gatherings impact healing and coping with HIV/AIDS.  
Scaling Up Health Systems to Respond to the Challenge of HIV/AIDS in Latin America and the Caribbean The advent of HIV/aids BRINGS A NEW CHALLENGE TO HEALTH SYSTEMS. Prevention of and care for HIV/AIDS require a comprehensive and integrated response involving many aspects of health systems, including public health responsibilities, financing, social protection in health and service provision, 970 kb pdf

Stigma and AIDS in Latin America

In 2002, it was estimated that 1.9 million adults and children were living with HIV/AIDS in Latin American and the Caribbean.  

Pdf 93 kb

Stigma, Discrimination and HIV/AIDS in Latin America and the Caribbean In 2002, it was estimated that 1.9 million adults and children were living with HIV/AIDS in Latin America and the Caribbean. Of these, an estimated 1.5 million were in Latin America and 470,000 in the Caribbean. Prevalence rates at 2% are the second fastest growing in the world. Prevalence rates in high risk groups can reach 5%, and there is a sharp rise in the case of women infected with HIV/AIDS. These speak to the urgent need to give concerted attention to the HIV/AIDS situation in all countries of the region. Pdf 93 kb
The Impact of Structural Adjustment Programmes (SAPs) on Health Policies Of Third World Countries With A Special focus on HIV/AIDs In Sub - Saharan Africa The Caribbean And India. Globally, the HIV pandemic has affected regional areas differently. The rates or forms of HIV transmission are arguably said to differ according to geography. In the more developed socio-economic countries, HIV transmission has occurred mainly between men who have sex with men, bisexuals and people who use street drugs intravenously. In the lower socio-economically-developed countries, HIV transmission is usually through heterosexuals, with women being the most at risk, and mother to child transmission being high.  

We offer a monthly newsletter dealing with the various issues surrounding infectious diseases.  To find out more click HERE.

U.S. "MEXICO CITY POLICY"-ABORTION FUNDING IN FOREIGN COUNTRIES President Reagan created the "Mexico City policy." It prohibits aid being given to international family planning organizations that provided abortion counseling, -- or provide abortions, or which advocated abortion access -- in as little as one country. They are blacklisted and receive no funds at all -- even for family planning counseling unrelated to abortion elsewhere in the world. The ban was suspended by President Clinton, reinstated by President Bush, and then partially suspended by President Bush.  

World Bank Accelerating the Response to HIV/AIDS in the Caribbean

 HIV/AIDS is the leading cause of death in the 15 to 44 year age group in the Caribbean. By the end of 2001, more than a half million people in the region were infected with the disease.


World Bank Approves $20 Million For HIV/AIDS Prevention And Control In Trinidad And Tobago 

The World Bank yesterday approved a $20 million loan aimed at reducing HIV infections and providing treatment and care for people infected with HIV/AIDS in Trinidad and Tobago. 



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