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“The only thing necessary for these diseases to the triumph is for good people and governments to do nothing.”

 


Parts of this section: 1 2 3 4

Appendix 1: Interview items from stage 1 

a. The origin and spread of HIV

1. What do you think of the AIDS problem generally?

2. How did you first hear about AIDS?

3. Where do you think AIDS originated?

4. How does AIDS spread amongst people?

b. ‘Risk’ groups

5. What type of person gets AIDS?

6. Is it people in particular groups which get AIDS?

7. Is contacting AIDS the person’s own fault?

8A. What do you understand by ‘safe sex’/ What kinds of things are risky?

8B. What types of person would you not have sex with?

9. Do you know anyone personally who has AIDS or is infected?

10. What kind of person carries a condom?

c. Society and government

11. Do you think its the government’s role to do something about AIDS?

12. Should the money for AIDS treatment come from taxpayers money? If not, from where?

13. How many people are infected with the AIDS virus in your country?

14. Do you think your nation is safer from AIDS because of high sexual morality

15A. How do you know you are not infected with HIV?

15B. Do you know where to get an HIV test?

Appendix 2: Interview questions and primary response categories

Note: Respondents had the opportunity to give multiple responses so not all figures add up to 100.

Q1: What do you think of the AIDS problem generally?

 

 

Estonia

 

Georgia

 

Hungary

 

Poland

 

Russia

 

 

Business

Medics

Business

Medics

Business

Medics

Business

Medics

Business

Medics

Serious, global issue

50

37

49

45

57

64

36

35

32

22

Moral issue

0

0

2

0

2

10

0

0

0

0

Exaggerated problem

3

4

1

1

8

4

3

5

5

5

Needs more research

0

0

2

1

8

7

9

5

13

13

Can be solved

0

0

3

1

0

0

0

0

18

12

Discrimination

0

0

0

0

8

5

0

0

2

13

Nothing to do with me

0

0

4

1

8

4

3

0

13

11

Future problem

28

22

0

2

0

0

4

11

0

0

Not a problem at all

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

 

81

63

62

51

91

94

55

56

83

76

 


Q2. How did you first hear about AIDS?

 

Estonia

 

Georgia

 

Hungary

 

Poland

 

Russia

 

 

Business

Medics

Business

Medics

Business

Medics

Business

Medics

Business

Medics

Media in general

44

17

49

42

35

24

41

24

51

31

Friends/colleagues

3

5

7

3

0

0

0

0

1

1

University/School/work

5

31

0

10

11

29

9

28

1

28

Don't know/remember

0

0

2

3

8

3

0

0

4

7

Q3. Where do you think AIDS originated?

 

Estonia

 

Georgia

 

Hungary

 

Poland

 

Russia

 

 

Business

Medics

Business

Medics

Business

Medics

Business

Medics

Business

Medics

Africa

34

34

24

26

44

42

42

35

32

27

America/West

3

0

7

5

2

2

4

12

6

14

UFO/conspiracy theory

9

3

6

5

2

1

2

0

3

7

Has always existed

4

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

2

14

Don't know

0

0

13

14

0

0

2

1

10

7

Q4. How does AIDS spread amongst people?

 

Estonia

 

Georgia

 

Hungary

 

Poland

 

Russia

 

 

Business

Medics

Business

Medics

Business

Medics

Business

Medics

Business

Medics

Sex

46

48

49

50

43

42

43

39

49

46

Body fluids/saliva/kissing

8

18

1

4

14

15

1

8

2

11

Mother to child

3

6

0

1

4

13

0

0

0

7

Blood

30

42

40

45

44

51

40

42

26

39

Syringe in general

15

6

5

8

10

12

24

29

23

17

Q5. What type of person gets AIDS/ has high risk of getting AIDS?

 

Estonia

 

Georgia

 

Hungary

 

Poland

 

Russia

 

 

Business

Medics

Business

Medics

Business

Medics

Business

Medics

Business

Medics

Everybody

12

10

7

4

29

28

14

3

22

19

Gays

27

24

31

25

12

10

0

0

12

18

Drug addicts

27

31

32

25

9

5

0

0

16

24

Prostitutes

8

3

26

10

0

0

0

0

7

8

Promiscuous

22