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“The only thing necessary for these diseases to the triumph is for good people and governments to do nothing.”




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AIDS and Older Persons: The View from Thailand Although little attention has been paid to older adults in the context of the global AIDS epidemic, they not only can contract HIV themselves but, far more commonly, they experience multiple consequences as in their role as parents of younger adults who become ill and die from AIDS.  Older persons also make significant contributions to the well-being of younger adults who suffer from AIDS by playing a major role in caregiving to their infected sons and daughters and by assuming the role of foster parents for their grandchildren who are left behind as AIDS orphans emphasizing the consequences for and the contributions by older persons in their role as AIDS parents. 360 kb pdf
AIDS IN THAILAND The disease advance everywhere, accomplice the disinformation, than cause a good slice of the Thai population to confuse the AIDS with one cardiovascular disease. " In the small villages one still believes that many die of infarct, but we have culvert accurate searches that demonstrate clearly as in the rural zones it dies itself mostly of AIDS ",  
Breaking Through the Clouds-PAR project with migrant children and youth along the borders of China, Myanmar and Thailand The vulnerabilities of migrant children and youth are not only the result of limited understanding and documentation, but also due to the lack of insight into how best to address their realities…This is particularly the case for young girls trafficked into the sex-industry, or as domestic workers, those abusing drugs, child beggars and young migrants separated from their family members in immigration detention centers. 192 kb pdf
Children in prostitution, pornography and illicit activities-Thailand-Magnitude of problems and remedies Children younger than 18 years of age in prostitution are invariable victims of sexual exploitation.  Compared to adults, they are clearly much more vulnerable and helpless in fact of the established structures and vested interests in the sex sector, and much more likely to be victims of debt bondage, trafficking, physical violence, or torture.  Commercial sexual exploitation is a serious form of violence against children with life-long and life-threatening consequences. 152 kb pdf

Cost of Medical Services for Patients with HIV/AIDS in Khon Kaen, Thailand

The authors undertook to estimate the savings and cost of providing highly active antiretroviral therapy to adult patients with AIDS under Universal Coverage (UC) in Khon Kaen, a rural province in northeast Thailand


Evolution of Thailand’s strategy to cope with the HIV/AIDS epidemic

HIV/AIDS is the highest-ranking cause of death among working-age adults in Thailand. The disease has led to incalculable human suffering and social disruption, as well as huge economic costs. Yet, through an innovative, comprehensive strategy, Thailand has become the first country in the developing world where declines in HIV prevalence are seen nationally and the HIV epidemic has been successfully controlled through a prevention strategy. Pdf 165 kb
HIV and AIDS In Thailand, the primary means of transmission of HIV is by heterosexual sex, overwhelmingly HIV subtype E. A second group is intravenous drug users (IDU's), most of whom are infected with HIV subtype B, the subtype most common in western homosexuals and IDU's, and which is apparently difficult to transmit heterosexually  
How Globalization Elicits the Illicit: Liberalization and Crime in Thailand Globalization, over the course of the last decade, has had a profound effect on the economies of nations worldwide.  It has been responsible for fundamental, structural adjustments in the political and economic formats of most, if not all, developing countries during the 1980s and 1990s.  In light of the truism that economies, political systems and social/cultural positional ties are interdependent entities, the effects of globalization on nation-states are felt in all sectors of society.   
Levels and determinants of expenditure on HIV/AIDS in Thailand As Thailand enters the second decade of the AIDS pandemic, the NACP has evolved in complex and interrelated ways in response to the changing epidemic and lessons learned about prevention and control 29 kb pdf
Methamphetamine Epidemic in Thailand PowerPoint Presentation 4760 kb
Migration, trafficking & Exploitation of Women in Thailand Health and HIV/AIDS risks for Burmese and Hill tribe women and girls.  This report describes the policy failures of the government of Thailand, despite a program widely hailed as a model of HIV prevention for the region. 625 kb pdf
Older Aged Parents: The Final Safety Net for Adults Sons and Daughters with AIDS in Thailand The present study focuses on the role of family members, especially of older aged parents, in the care and support of adults with AIDS and their dependents.  Understanding the circumstances, nature, and extent of familial support and caregiving for AIDS afflicted persons and the roll played by older aged parents and other members of the family network is crucial if the limited state and non-governmental resources designed to improve the quality of life persons with AIDS and to ease the burden imposed by the epidemic on their families are to be appropriately targeted. 163 kb pdf
OPEN-ENDED PROSTITUTION AS A SKILLFUL GAME OF LUCK Rural to urban migrants from depressed areas of Thailand, and particularly the Northeast (Isaan), move into Bangkok in ever-greater numbers in search of employment and income for their own subsistence or for the support of their relatives back home. Prominent among these are large numbers of young women, many of whom hope to make enough money in the city to be able to support not only themselves, but also their parents, siblings and children. They soon realize that the employment opportunities for uneducated and unskilled workers are severely limited. In fact, it appears that in recent years the opportunity structure facing unskilled in-migrant women in Bangkok has even contracted.  
Parental Bereavement-Heterogeneous Impacts of AIDS in Thailand Much has been written on the subject of AIDS about the sufferers themselves, and some about their spouses and children.  Less attention has been devoted to the older generation, to parents whose adult children are infected and die, parents who often bear the responsibility for caregiving and endure the sorrows and consequences of loss 251 kb pdf
Perceptions of HIV/AIDS and caring for people with terminal AIDS in southern Thailand
This study presents data collected from village-based 
ethnographic research conducted in southern Thailand in 
1995-1996, and focuses on perceptions of HIV/AIDS infection, 
patients with AIDS and theft provision of care. Individual interviews 
were conducted with 300 village women…In addition, 23 people 
with HIV/AIDS and their caregivers participated in subsequent 
in-depth interviews. Participants generally obtained theft information 
about HIV/AIDS from television and radio, and the information they 
obtained was generally negative. AIDS was perceived as a disease 
associated with dirt, danger and death, although it was also 
considered to be a disease of karma (rok khong khon mee kam) 
and a 'woman's disease' (rok phuying) associated with prostitution.
Prostitution in Thailand: A North South dialogue on neocolonialism, militarism, and consumerism Sinit began by disclosing the staggering numbers of prostitutes in Thailand and the places where they work. The Vietnam War was mentioned as a contributing factor in the growth of prostitution in Thailand during the 1960s. Instead of being collapsed by the withdrawal of the American forces from Vietnam in mid-1970s as expected, the sex and service industries in Thailand were sustained by tourist 'troops' and local clientele who adopted the Gl pattern of recreations and maintained the Thai permissive code of conduct for males. To justify their business, some sex tour operators regarded their operation as a new kind of development aid to the Third World poor women.  

Thai Prostitution


It's unclear precisely how many child prostitutes Thailand has produced. The U.N.'s International Labor Organization estimates that 100,000 to 200,000 Thai women and girls work in a variety of overseas venues where sex is sold. The Protection Project, a human rights research institute in Washington, D.C., places the number of Thai females participating in Japan's commercial sex market alone at between 50,000 and 70,000.U.N. and human rights groups alike have assumed that prostitution and other forms of child exploitation stem from a toxic social brew of poverty mixed with a lack of education and job training.  
Thai views of sexuality and sexual behaviour Although women did not express negative views about marrying a virgin man, for most it seemed pointless to contemplate this.   Indeed, many accepted the double standard implicit in the belief that men needed sexual experience before getting married.  This was evident in their tolerance of husbands' prior visits to prostitutes.   Women were also generally accepting of premarital non- commercial sexual relationships that their husbands might have had, although typically they expressed greater concern about prior affairs than about premarital patronage of prostitutes.  Women's main interest in this connection was getting assurance that any earlier relationships were ended and would not resume.  


Monitoring HIV infection and AIDS in Thailand

Pdf 111 kb

Thailand and Aids

If Asian Development Bank estimates are correct, by the year 
2000, Asia will account for more than half of the world's total HIV 
infections. "It is expected that the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Thailand 
will continue to expand, with heterosexual intercourse being the 
most important mode of transmission," a Health Ministry report 
says, "By the end of the century, mortality due to AIDS could 
become the leading cause of death in Thailand." (Branigan 1993, 
A1)  Some experts believe that the epidemic may be impossible 
to control.  A closer look at Thailand reveals the components  for 
potential disaster;  sex tourism, export of prostitutes abroad, 
rampant corruption including payoffs by brothel owners to police, 
the involvement of organized crime, foreign pedophiles and 
widespread child prostitution (where poor village girls have been 
known to be sold into sexual slavery.)

Thailand's Brothel Busters

A U.S.-based group is spurring high-profile raids to free sex workers. But what happens when the women don't want to be saved?


Thailand- Costs of Medical Services for Patients with HIV/AIDS in Khon Kaen, Thailand The authors found that the average cost per outpatient visit
with and without antiretroviral drugs was US$294.20 and US$26.10 respectively. The average cost per inpatient day with and without ARV drugs was US$368.10 and US$43.80 respectively.
Thailand Response to AIDS There are very few developing countries in the world where public policy has been effective in preventing the spread of HIV/AIDS on a national scale.    Thailand--where a massive program to control HIV has reduced visits to commercial sex workers by half, raised condom usage, curtailed STDs dramatically, and achieved substantial reductions in new HIV infections--is an exception 449 kb pdf

The Economic Impact of HIV/AIDS Mortality on Households in Thailand

(Large report-increased down-load time)

 Reported data on AIDS cases in Thailand suggest that laborers and agricultural workers, who are generally the poorest and least educated, are the most susceptible to AIDS. The largest proportion of AIDS cases has been reported in Thailand’s northern provinces, mainly in rural areas. Because AIDS infects mainly adults of prime working age and no cure is available, an adult AIDS death can cause further immiseration of the poor in rural areas


The Economic Impact of HIV/AIDS Mortality on Households in Thailand

Reported data on AIDS cases in Thailand suggest that laborers and agricultural workers, who are generally the poorest and least educated, are the most susceptible to AIDS. The largest proportion of AIDS cases has been reported in Thailand’s northern provinces, mainly in rural areas. Because AIDS infects mainly adults of prime working age and no cure is available, an adult AIDS death can cause further immiseration of the poor in rural areas

64 kb PDF

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