AWARENESS AND CHANGING ATTITUDES
Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped
Library of Congress
Washington, DC 20542
Public attitudes toward disability are often the greatest
barrier for people with disabilities. Since the publication of
the reference bibliography "Attitudes toward Handicapped
People, Past and Present" in 1984, however, the emphasis
in the literature on disability has been shifting from a focus
on differentness and limitation to a focus on abilities and
potential. People with disabilities are participating more
fully in the mainstream of society and are advocating for full
acceptance. This approach led to the passage of the Americans
with Disabilities Act in July 1990 and is helping to change
This annotated bibliography includes books, chapters in
books, and periodical articles of general interest, most of
which have been published since 1984. Research publications
can be identified through indexes such as PSYCHOLOGICAL
ABSTRACTS and SOCIOLOGICAL ABSTRACTS.
Audiovisuals produced since 1972 are also included. Please
contact the sources listed for information about the
availability of rentals, previews, or purchase.
Books and Periodical Articles
AND PERIODICAL ARTICLES
Amsel, Rhonda, and Catherine S. Fichten. Effects of contact
on thoughts about interaction with students who have a
physical disability. Journal of rehabilitation, v. 54,
Jan.-Feb.- Mar. 1988: 61-65.
Finds that volunteer college students who have had
previous contact with individuals who have a physical
disability are more at ease with their peers who are disabled
than those who have had no contact. Suggests that contact may
alter the pattern of thoughts concerning interaction with
people who have a disability.
Augusto, Carl R., and Jane M. McGraw. Humanizing blindness
through public education. Journal of visual impairment and
blindness, v. 84, October 1990: 397-400.
Notes that the general public forms images of blind
people on the basis of brief contacts with persons who are
visually impaired and of stories in the media. This limited
exposure may convey inaccurate information about blindness and
visual impairment that could be changed through educational
efforts by consumer groups and service organizations, public
service announcements, printed materials, local television and
radio programs, school curricula on disabilities, and work
with leaders in the community
Awareness is the first step towards change: tips for
disability awareness. Chicago: National Easter Seal Society,
n.d. 8p. (70 East Lake Street, 6060l).
Counters thirteen myths about people with disabilities by
providing the correct information. Gives some considerations
for disability etiquette.
Awareness is the first step towards change: tips for
portraying people with disabilities in the media. Chicago:
National Easter Seal Society, n.d. 8p. (70 East Lake Street,
Provides some tips for reporting on people with
disabilities and etiquette for interviewing people with
hearing losses, vision disabilities, and speech difficulties,
and persons using a wheelchair or crutches.
Baskin, Barbara H., and Karen H. Harris. More notes from a
different drummer: a guide to juvenile fiction portraying the
disabled. New York: R.R. Bowker, 1984. 495p.
Discusses how persons with disabilities are accommodated
in contemporary society and portrayed in literature. Provides
an annotated guide to 348 books of juvenile fiction published
between 1976 and 1981 that contain characters with designated
disabilities. Arranged alphabetically by author's name with
title and subject indexes.
Baum, Dale, and Carol Wells. Promoting handicap awareness
in preschool children. Teaching exceptional children, v. 17,
summer 1985: 282-287.
Presents ways to integrate information about disabling
conditions into the design of preschool curricula in such
ongoing activities as story time, art, science, dramatic play,
language, and snack time. Includes resource materials designed
to be used with young children.
Benham, Patricia K. Attitudes of occupational therapy
personnel toward persons with disabilities. American journal
of occupational therapy, v. 42, May 1988: 305-311.
Finds that the occupational therapy personnel who
participated in this survey have a very positive attitude
toward persons with disabilities, believe that it is important
to do so, and indicate that a favorable attitude should be one
criterion in the selection of students for training in
Binkard, Betty. A successful handicap awareness
program--run by special parents. Teaching exceptional
children, v. 18, fall 1985: 12-16.
Describes the Count Me In disabilities awareness program
that is presented in schools in Minnesota by parents of
children with disabilities. Evaluations by students and
teachers indicate that the CMI program is effective in
building positive attitudes.
Bishop, Virginia E. Religion and blindness: from
inheritance to opportunity. Journal of visual impairment and
blindness, v. 81, June 1987: 256-259.
Traces the historical relationship between religion and
blindness and suggests that negative attitudes toward persons
who are visually impaired may have their roots in religious
beliefs. Presents a model in-service training program that was
offered to pre-ministerial students at two seminaries in
Brolley, Dianne Y., and Stephen C. Anderson. Advertising
and attitudes. Rehabilitation digest, v. 17, fall 1986: 15-17.
Examines the influence of mass media on attitudes toward
persons with disabilities. Indicates the characteristics of
advertising material that enhance and diminish the
effectiveness of mass-media advertising on attitude formation.
Colorez, Anastasia, and Glen O. Geist. Rehabilitation vs.
general employer attitudes toward hiring disabled persons.
Journal of rehabilitation, v. 53, Apr.-May-June 1987: 44-46.
Compares the attitudes of rehabilitation and general
employers toward the hiring of professionals who are disabled.
Finds moderately positive attitudes among all employer groups
on each of three instruments. Notes, however, that positive
attitudes toward hiring persons with disabilities may not
necessarily reflect a willingness to actually hire.
Condon, Mary Ellen, and others. Acceptance of severely
handicapped students by nonhandicapped peers. Journal of the
Association for Persons with Severe Handicaps, v. 11, fall
Surveys attitudes about the acceptance of disabilities in
schoolmates in two groups of students: those who do and those
who do not attend an elementary school that includes students
with severe disabilities. Girls are more accepting of
disabilities than boys, and children in the exposure groups
have more accepting attitudes than the children in the
Dattilo, John, and Ralph W. Smith. Communicating positive
attitudes toward people with disabilities through sensitive
terminology. Therapeutic recreation journal, v. 24, first
quarter 1990: 8-17.
Argues that the use of accurate terminology can encourage
the communication of positive attitudes toward people with
disabilities. Language should consider the person first,
emphasize each individual's abilities, communicate respect for
each individual, and be consistent. Notes the recent
controversy about the most preferred terminology and the need
for professionals to become change agents within society.
Donaldson, Joy. Changing attitudes toward handicapped
persons: a review and analysis of research. Exceptional
children, v. 46, April 1980: 504-514.
Reviews research on techniques used to produce attitude
change toward persons with disabilities. Offers theoretical
models as explanations for successful interventions and
discusses implications for practice and future research.
Feldman, David, and Brian Feldman. The effect of a telethon
on attitudes toward disabled people and financial
contributions. Journal of rehabilitation, v. 51, July-Aug.-
Sept. 1985: 42-45.
Finds that participants who view a portion of the
Muscular Dystrophy Telethon have significantly more positive
attitudes toward people with disabilities than the nonviewing
group. This attitude differential is sustained four months and
nine months later. However, the telethon does not generate a
significant difference between the viewing and nonviewing
participants in terms of making a monetary contribution to the
Fichten, Catherine S., Joanne Hines, and Rhonda Amsel.
Public awareness of physically disabled persons. International
journal of rehabilitation research, v. 8, 1985: 407-413.
Evaluates the effectiveness of a Canadian advertising
campaign with the theme Your Attitude toward the Disabled Can
Be Their Biggest Handicap. The campaign appears moderately
successful in terms of its visibility, but ineffective in
changing attitudes toward people with disabilities or in
eliminating prejudices. Suggests that the most effective means
of changing attitudes toward people with disabilities is
through frequent equal-status contact.
Friedberg, Joan Brest, June B. Mullins, and Adelaide Weir
Sukiennik. Accept me as I am: best books of juvenile
nonfiction on impairments and disabilities. New York: R.R.
Bowker, 1985. 363p.
Discusses the power of nonfiction to portray people with
disabilities, changes in societal attitudes toward people with
disabilities, and the treatment of disabilities in printed
sources. Arranges the nonfiction books in broad categories of
disability and alphabetically by author in each category.
Includes an author, title, and subject index.
Gadeken, Gary. The Ray Charles syndrome: distorted images
of disabled people in the mass media. Dialogue, v. 28, spring
Coins the term the "Ray Charles Syndrome" to
characterize the portrayal in the United States mass media of
extraordinary and successful people who have disabilities.
These images distort the reality of the lives of ordinary
people who are disabled and provide unrealistic examples for
them to emulate. They also influence the ideas and
expectations of people who are nondisabled.
Gartner, Alan, and Tom Joe, eds. Images of the disabled,
disabling images. Westport, CT: Praeger, 1987. 217p.
Examines the portrayal of people with disabilities in
Western literature, television and motion pictures, and print
journalism. Shows how these images influence public policies
toward people with disabilities in the areas of education,
employment, and daily living.
Gething, Lindsay, Rosemary Leonard, and Kate O'Loughlin.
Person to person: community awareness of disability. Sydney:
Williams and Wilkins, l986. Distributed in the United States
and Canada by Paul H. Brookes. 177p.
Provides non-medical descriptions of ten disabilities.
Includes information about social and emotional aspects,
family reactions, attitudes of others, adjustments that can be
made, and personal accounts of growing up with the particular
Goldman, Charles. Disability rights guide: practical
solutions to problems affecting people with disabilities.
Lincoln, NE: Media Publishing, 1987. 161p.
Discusses twelve myths and misconceptions about persons
with disabilities and the change in the language of
disability. Presents federal and state laws that address the
rights of persons with disabilities in the areas of
employment, accessibility, housing, education, and
Hahn, Harlan. The politics of physical differences:
disability and discrimination. Journal of social issues, v.
44, 1988: 39-47.
Notes that the definition of disability has shifted from
a medical approach or economic approach to a new socio-
political approach. Proposes a new conceptual framework for
appraisal of attitudes toward persons with disabilities.
Hollins, Mark. Attitudes and emotional reactions to
blindness. In Hollins, Mark, Understanding blindness: an
integrative approach. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum
Associates, 1989. p. 89-109.
Summarizes the results of studies that have assessed
attitudes toward blindness. Discusses the portrayal of
blindness in fiction, theories that have been proposed to
explain attitudes toward blindness, recent changes in
attitudes toward blindness, and reactions to the loss of sight
by a person who is newly blind.
Holmes, Gary E., and Ronald H. Karst. The
institutionalization of disability myths: impact on vocational
rehabilitation services. Journal of rehabilitation, v. 56,
Jan.-Feb.-Mar. 1990: 20-27.
Focuses on ways in which myths and stereotypes of
disability may become institutionalized in the vocational
rehabilitation service system and may influence the behavior
and attitudes of rehabilitation counselors. Makes suggestions
for counselors to recognize the negative influence of
disability myths and to protect themselves from stereotyping
the rehabilitation client.
Horne, Marcia D. Attitudes toward handicapped students:
professional, peer, and parent reactions. Hillsdale, NJ:
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1985. 265p.
Considers the factors that may influence the development
of attitudes toward students with disabilities, procedures
used to modify teacher and peer attitudes, and attitudes of
parents and siblings toward a child with a disability.
Jones, Edward E., and others. Social stigma: the psychology
of marked relationships. New York: W.H. Freeman, 1984. 347p.
Provides a social-psychological analysis of the role that
stigmatizing conditions play in relationships between people
who are "marked" and those who are
"normal." "Marked" individuals include
persons who are disabled or disfigured.
Kailes, June Isaacson. Watch your language, please! Journal
of rehabilitation, v. 51, Jan.-Feb.-Mar. 1985: 68-69.
Notes that language plays an important role in shaping
ideas and attitudes and may perpetuate negative stereotypes.
Gives examples of unacceptable and preferred terminology to be
used when writing or speaking about persons who have a
Kilburn, Joan. Changing attitudes. Teaching exceptional
children, v. 16, winter 1984: 124-127.
Describes a community education program developed in 1980
and sponsored by the Easter Seal Society of Marin County in
San Rafael, California. The Better Understanding of
Handicapped Children program helps school children and adults
become more aware of the needs and capabilities of persons who
have disabilities through a variety of activities.
Kisabeth, Kathryn L., and Diane B. Richardson. Changing
attitudes toward disabled individuals: the effect of one
disabled person. Therapeutic recreation journal, v. 19, second
quarter 1985: 24-33.
Describes the experience of one individual with spinal
cord injury who participates in an instructional sports class
with forty-one undergraduate students. The close personal
contact has a positive influence on the attitudes of the
experimental group regarding the extent to which individuals
with physical disabilities should be integrated with other
individuals in recreational and competitive sports. Suggests
that physically disabled persons must assume responsibility to
help facilitate attitude change.
Klauber, Julie. Disability awareness in the library school
curriculum. Journal of education for library and information
science, v. 3l, fall 1990: 153-156.
Presents the approach to teaching library services for
persons with disabilities used at the Palmer School of Library
and Information Science on the C.W. Post Campus of Long Island
University of New York. Focuses on three major components:
awareness and attitudes, informational resources, and
alternative reading and communication sources.
Kolucki, Barbara. Sharing the street: integrating
disability awareness into children's television.
Rehabilitation digest, v. 20, winter 1990: 3-7.
Highlights some of the author's activities during her
years at Children's Television Workshop. Describes the
development of segments on Sesame Street for and about
children who are mentally retarded or have other disabilities.
Longmore, Paul K. A note on language and the social
identity of disabled people. American behavioral scientist, v.
28, Jan.-Feb. 1985: 419-423.
Discusses the common terminology used by people with and
without disabilities to identify or describe persons who are
differently abled. Addresses how this language reinforces
negative perceptions. Notes that an emerging language is being
developed by persons with disabilities to create a positive
Longmore, Paul K. Screening stereotypes: images of disabled
people. Social policy, v. 16, summer 1985: 31-37.
Examines several screen images of people with physical,
sensory, and developmental disabilities. Develops some
thoughts about the underlying social and psychological meaning
of these images and the social and cultural attitudes they
reflect and express.
Makas, Elaine. Positive attitudes toward disabled people:
disabled and nondisabled persons' perspectives. Journal of
social issues, v. 44, 1988: 49-61.
Illustrates the kinds of misunderstandings that routinely
occur among differently abled people in social interactions.
Concludes that people with disabilities need to educate others
about behavior that offends them and to identify attitudes
that they find acceptable and respectful.
Marinelli, Robert P., and Arthur E. Dell Orto, eds. The
psychological and social impact of physical disability. 2d ed.
New York: Springer, 1984. 399p.
Explores various aspects of physical disability and
people who are physically disabled: the impact of a child with
a disability on the family, the personal meaning and
interpersonal impact of disability, attitudes toward persons
with disabilities, attitude change, and social acceptance of
people with visible injuries.
Mathews, R. Mark, Glen W. White, and Patrice Mrdjenovich-Hanks.
Using a slide presentation to change attitudes toward people
with disabilities and knowledge of independent living
services. Rehabilitation counseling bulletin, v. 33, June
Describes an evaluation of the effects of a slide
presentation produced by the Southeastern Minnesota Center for
Independent Living on public attitudes toward disability and
people with disabilities.
Maurer, Marc. Language and the future of the blind. Braille
monitor, Oct. 1989: 589-599.
Notes the power of language and how the word blindness
and the thoughts associated with it have changed. Presents
stereotypes and misconceptions in advertisements, newspaper
articles, and a psychological test that can be overcome by
changing public attitudes and improving the social climate.
Mellon, Constance A. Evaluating the portrayal of disabled
characters in juvenile fiction. Journal of youth services in
libraries, v. 2, winter 1989: 143-150.
Identifies myths and stereotypes found in juvenile
literature that portrays persons with physical disabilities
and uses fictional and personal examples to show how such
characters can be depicted realistically and effectively.
Milner, Joanne. People with disabilities tell their stories
to students. Rehabilitation digest, v. 19, fall 1988: 6-7.
Describes the Metro Toronto (Canada) School Board's
Disability Awareness Program in which people with disabilities
speak to students about their abilities and limitations and
students have an opportunity to ask questions.
Morrison, Joanne M., and Alex W. Ursprung. Children's
attitudes toward people with disabilities: a review of the
literature. Journal of rehabilitation, v. 53, Jan.-Feb.-Mar.
1987: 45- 49.
Examines the literature on children's attitudes toward
individuals with disabilities and reviews various methods of
introducing attitude-enhancing experiences.
Noble, Cinnie. Sensitivity-awareness training: removing
attitudinal barriers. Rehabilitation digest, v. 20, spring
Highlights the initial stages of a Sensitivity Awareness
Training Program by the Canadian Rehabilitation Council for
the Disabled. It is designed to teach personnel in service
industries how to best serve persons with sensory and
Oakes, Chuck. Your company's misunderstanding of the
disabled may be a handicap. Disabled USA, Dec. 1987: 20-23.
Notes that companies can derive benefits from the
employment of persons with disabilities, but indicates that
management and employees must be involved with the proposal to
gain acceptance of the idea.
Raver, Sharon A. Training gaze direction in blind children:
attitude effects on the sighted. Remedial and special
education, v. 8, Sept.-Oct. 1987: 40-45, 33.
Demonstrates that the training of blind children to use
gaze direction influences how sighted persons perceive the
child. Generally, children without gaze direction are
described by negative attributes. The same children with gaze
direction skills portray qualities that seem more normal to
sighted persons. They are assessed as having more desirable
social skills and a greater ability to compete with sighted
individuals as adults.
Rebillot, Kris. Attitudinal adjustments: taking it to the
interviewers. Worklife, v. 2, fall 1989: 30-32.
Discusses the Better Understanding Programs in Northern
California schools and organizations developed by Rod McLean
and Mike Lee. They help employers feel more comfortable about
the possibility of hiring people with disabilities or making
modifications to meet the needs of customers who are disabled.
Reich, Alan A. Conquering a new American frontier: changing
attitudes toward the disabled. USA today, v. 113, May 1985:
Presents changes in sectors of American life such as
politics, education, and the media that are gradually
expanding both the participation and acceptance of individuals
with disabilities. Highlights the work of the National
Organization on Disability.
Riester, Albert E., and Karen M. Bessette. Preparing the
peer group for mainstreaming exceptional children. Pointer, v.
31, fall 1986: 12-20.
Notes that there are few programs to prepare regular
classroom students for accepting their classmates with
disabilities in a mainstreamed situation. Discusses the
development and goals of one such program at San Antonio's
Northside Independent School District. The learning activities
increase students' understanding of the problems experienced
by students with disabilities and result in more frequent and
more meaningful interaction among differently abled students.
Rosenbaum, Peter L., Robert W. Armstrong, and Suzanne M.
King. Children's attitudes toward disabled peers: a
self-report measure. Journal of pediatric psychology, v. 11,
Dec. 1986: 517-530.
Describes the Chedoke-McMaster Attitudes Towards Children
with Handicaps (CATCH) scale, a new measure for the study of
children's attitudes toward peers with disabilities. A variety
of factors are associated with more positive attitudes: female
gender, knowledge of or contact with a person with a
disability, and participation in the school buddy program.
Rosenbaum, Peter L., Robert W. Armstrong, and Suzanne M.
King. Improving attitudes toward the disabled: a randomized
controlled trial of direct contact versus Kids on the Block.
Journal of developmental and behavioral pediatrics, v. 7, Oct.
Assesses two forms of intervention designed to improve
children's attitudes toward disability--the Kids on the Block
(KOB) puppet program and a direct-contact buddy program. The
KOB program alone does not improve children's attitudes about
disability and the combination of the KOB and buddy program
interferes with attitude change. There is a measured change in
attitudes resulting from the buddy program.
Royse, David, and Tom Edwards. Communicating about
disability: attitudes and preferences of persons with physical
handicaps. Rehabilitation counseling bulletin, v. 32, March
Surveys persons with physical disabilities to determine
the extent of their openness to questions about their
disability. The majority of respondents do not resent
questions or feel that others are too inquisitive. This
openness may indicate that persons with disabilities are
willing to play an educational role.
Sapon-Shevin, Mara. Teaching children about differences:
resources for teaching. Young children, v. 38, Jan. 1983:
Offers suggestions to help children learn about
differences and disabilities through curriculum materials and
guides and children's books. Television and other media can
also serve as powerful tools in establishing new attitudes and
behaviors concerning exceptional children.
Shapiro, Arthur, and Howard Margolis. Changing negative
peer attitudes toward students with learning disabilities.
Journal of reading, writing, and learning disabilities
international, v. 4, 1988/89: 133-146.
Discusses the negative and prejudicial attitudes of peers
and teachers toward students with learning disabilities.
Describes a variety of activities and simulations that have
been used by regular classroom teachers to help their students
develop an understanding of specific learning disabilities and
of the needs of the youngsters who have them.
Sigelman, Carol K., and Louise C. Singleton. Stigmatization
in childhood: a survey of developmental trends and issues. In
The dilemma of difference: a multidisciplinary view of stigma.
Edited by Stephen C. Ainlay, Gaylene Becker, and Lerita M.
Coleman. New York: Plenum, 1986. p. 185-208.
Addresses the origins of stigmatization in infancy and
illustrates developmental trends in stigmatization by
examining children's reactions to peers of a different race
and to peers with physical and mental disabilities.
Strong, Frances. Watch your language! Words shape
attitudes. Rehabilitation digest, v. 19, winter 1989: 3.
Argues that words create attitudinal barriers that may be
more handicapping than the actual disability. Lists negative
words that are used to describe disabilities and suggests
alternative words that reflect more positive attitudes.
Thurston, Sharon, and others. Promoting positive attitudes
on the disabled. History and social science teacher, v. 21,
fall 1985: 39-43.
Describes the development, implementation, and evaluation
of a unit of study entitled Attitudes and the Disabled: A
Values Education Approach prepared by the Values Education
Project of the Scarborough (Canada) Board of Education. In the
post-test, all grades in the experimental group show an
increase in positive attitudes toward people with
Tobin, Michael J., and Eileen W. Hill. The present and the
future: concerns of visually impaired teenagers. British
journal of visual impairment, v. 7, summer 1989: 55-57.
Interviews ninety-nine visually impaired teenagers on
various topics, including attitudes of sighted persons toward
them. The teenagers provide examples of misconceptions about
blindness and make suggestions for improving attitudes.
Schools are seen as the main agents of change.
Velleman, Ruth A. People with disabilities: an overview. In
Velleman, Ruth A. Meeting the needs of people with
disabilities: a guide for librarians, educators, and other
service professionals. Phoenix: Oryx Press, 1990. p. 1-38.
Discusses attitudes about disabilities and the portrayal
of people with disabilities in the media, offers helpful
advice on meeting people with disabilities, and defines
Waldemar, Carla. Scaling new dramatic heights: CLIMB
Theatre reaches both able and disabled kids through its
performances. Minneapolis-St. Paul, v. 14, December 1986:
Describes a professional acting and teaching company in
Minnesota called CLIMB (Creative Learning Ideas for the Mind
and Body), which helps children with disabilities learn. CLIMB
also uses drama to help people understand the issues of
Yuker, Harold E., ed. Attitudes toward persons with
disabilities. New York: Springer, 1988. 336p.
Explores attitudes toward persons with disabilities in
five sections: basic issues, sources of attitudes, measurement
of attitudes, attitudes of and toward specific groups, and
attitude change. Includes teacher attitudes, attitudes of
health-care personnel, self-help groups, and attitudes that
affect employment opportunities for persons with disabilities.
Annotations are taken from secondary sources. The
audiovisuals have not been viewed by the compiler.
Appreciating differences. 1989. (Available from Coronet/MTI
Film & Video, 108 Wilmot Road, Deerfield, IL 60015).
10-minute videocassette. Comprises three original songs
that teach young children to value people of different ages,
races, sex, and abilities.
Birds of a Feather. 1988. (Available from University of
California, Extension Media Center, 2176 Shattuck Avenue,
Berkeley, CA 94704).
28-minute videocassette. Presents the five members of
Birds of a Feather Theatre, each of whom has a disability.
Some of their material deals with the difficulties of
For beauty passed away. 1983. (Available from Films Inc.,
5547 North Ravenswood Avenue, Chicago, IL 60640-1199).
52-minute videocassette. Portrays people who discuss the
way the world treats them after they have lost by fire,
explosion, or disease what society defines as
I'll find a way. 1977. (Available from Pennsylvania State
University, Audio-Visual Services, Special Services Building,
University Park, PA 16802).
26-minute 16mm film. Nadia De Franco, who was born with
spina bifida, introduces her family and friends. She provides
insights into how youngsters with disabilities function and
how they would like to be treated.
The impossible takes a little longer. 1987. (Available from
Indiana University Audio-Visual Center, Bloomington, IN
46-minute 16mm film, videocassette. Presents the stories
of four women who are disabled. Reveals their personal and
professional lives and some of the assistive devices they use.
In a new light. 1982. (Available from Films Inc., 5547
North Ravenswood Avenue, Chicago, IL 60640-1199).
29-minute 16mm film, videocassette. Shows the day-to-day
activities of three students with disabilities who lead
satisfying, productive lives.
Into the mainstream. 1989. (Available from Gordon Hyatt, 7
West 81st Street, New York, NY 10024).
27-minute videocassette. Presents Ivonne, who has a life-
saving operation but loses her vision. Portrays Ivonne's
experiences in the 4th and 5th grades, including responses to
students' questions about what it is like to be blind.
The invisible children. 1980. (Available from Coronet/MTI
Film & Video, 108 Wilmot Road, Deerfield, IL 60015).
24-minute 16mm film, videocassette. Filmed during an
actual classroom presentation of the Kids on the Block, a
group of puppets that encourages children to learn about
The Jamie Fort story. 1988. (Available from Coronet/MTI
Film & Video, 108 Wilmot Road, Deerfield, IL 60015)
30-minute 16mm film, videocassette. Tells how Jamie
survives a severe burn accident, but has facial disfigurement
and feels different when she returns to school.
Just like anyone else: living with disabilities. 1989.
(Available from Human Relations Media, 175 Tompkins Avenue,
#V212, Pleasantville, NY 10570-9973).
30-minute videocassette. Profiles five teenagers with
disabilities who are shown pursuing interests similar to those
of their nondisabled peers.
Kathy. 1981. (Available from Indiana University
Audio-Visual Center, Bloomington, IN 47405-5901).
26-minute 16mm film. Describes the problems that a girl
with physical disabilities faces at school and how she
approaches and overcomes them.
Khan du "Jean." 1979. (Available from National
Audiovisual Center, National Archives & Records
Administration, Customer Services Section PZ, 8700 Edgeworth
Drive, Capitol Heights, MD 20743-3701).
30-minute videocassette. Features Jean, who is visually
impaired, and Connie, who is blind. Clever camerawork creates
an illusion of viewing the world as a partially sighted
Khan du "Kate." 1979. (Available from National
Audiovisual Center, see address above).
30-minute videocassette. Features Kate, who is physically
disabled and about to begin her first job. Raises questions
about the needs, wants, and capabilities of young people who
are physically disabled.
Nicky: one of my best friends. 1975. (Available from
Indiana University Audio-Visual Center, Bloomington, IN 47405-
15-minute 16mm film. Depicts the daily routine of Nicky,
a young boy with cerebral palsy who has been blind since
birth. Includes interviews with Nicky's friends concerning
their reactions to his disabilities.
Out of left field. 1984. (Available from Phoenix Films
& Video, 468 Park Avenue South, New York, NY 10016).
7-minute 16mm film, videocassette. Demonstrates how blind
and visually impaired youths can be integrated into sports and
activities with sighted people.
Part of the team: people with disabilities in the
workplace. 1989. (Available from National Easter Seal Society,
Communications Department, 70 East Lake Street, Chicago, IL
20-minute videocassette. Produced by IBM Corporation in
cooperation with the National Easter Seal Society and the
President's Committee on Employment of People with
Disabilities. Features eight managers and supervisors who work
with people with disabilities and the concerns they have about
hiring and firing them. Also presents ten people with
disabilities who speak about their work experiences.
People you'd like to know. 1978. (Available from
Encyclopaedia Britannica Educational Corporation, 425 North
Michigan Avenue, Chicago, IL 60611).
16mm film, videocassette. Series of ten 10-minute films
designed to create acceptance and understanding of youngsters
with disabilities. Stresses similarities among all children.
Positive images: portraits of women with disabilities.
1989. (Available from Women Make Movies, 225 Lafayette Street,
Suite 212, New York, NY 10012).
58-minute videocassette. Presents a broad spectrum of
lifestyles of women who have successfully coped with a variety
of physical disabilities. Debunks myths about the limitations
of people with disabilities.
Regular lives. 1989. (Available from WETA Educational
Activities, P.O. Box 2626, Washington, DC 20013).
29-minute 16mm film. Shows the integration of people with
disabilities into school, work, and community life and reveals
that the integration process benefits people who are
nondisabled as much as it benefits people with disabilities.
Rick, you're in: a story about mainstreaming. 1981.
(Available from Coronet/MTI Film & Video, 108 Wilmot Road,
Deerfield, IL 60015).
20-minute 16mm film, videocassette. Portrays Rick's
day-to- day efforts as a student with a disability in a
regular high school. Helps viewers understand the problems and
triumphs of persons with disabilities.
"Special delivery." 1980. (Available from Lawren
Productions, 930 Pitner Avenue, Evanston, IL 60202).
16mm film, videocassette. Includes five 28-minute shows
and four selections (9-19 minutes) that will help children
grades 2-6 understand the abilities and difficulties of people
"Tell them I'm a mermaid." 1983. (Available from
University of Illinois Film Center, 1325 South Oak Street,
Champaign, IL 61820).
23-minute 16mm film, videocassette. Profiles seven women
with physical disabilities who use music and humor to tell how
they are leading meaningful, productive lives.
Us and them. 1980. (Available from Fanlight Productions, 47
Halifax Street, Boston, MA 02130).
32-minute videocassette. Features three relationships
between people who are nondisabled and people with
Weirded out and blown away. 1986. (Available from The
Cinema Guild, 1697 Broadway, New York, NY 10019).
43-minute 16mm film, videocassette. Interweaves
interviews with five young career people who have
disabilities. Challenges the general public's perceptions of
What do you do when you see a blind person? 1972.
(Available from Phoenix Films & Video, 468 Park Avenue
South, New York, NY 10016).
14-minute 16mm film, videocassette. Shows, in a
lighthearted way, the mistakes commonly made by individuals
when they associate with persons who are visually impaired.
Additional copies of this bibliography or any of
the reference bibliographies listed below are available free
on request from:
National Library Service
for the Blind and Physically Handicapped
Library of Congress
Washington, DC 20542
Accessibility: Designing Buildings for the Needs of
Handicapped Persons, 1983
Braille: History and Recent Developments, 1982
Library and Information Services to Persons with
Mobility and Mobility Aids for Visually Handicapped
Selected Readings for Parents of Preschool Handicapped
A series of Reference Circulars is also published by the
Reference Section. The following titles are available free on
Bibles, Other Scriptures, Liturgies, and Hymnals in Special
Blindness and Visual Impairments: National Information and
Advocacy Organizations, 1990
Braille Instruction and Writing Equipment, 1986
Building a Library Collection on Blindness and Physical
Disabilities: Basic Materials and Resources, 1990
From School to Working Life: Resources and Services, 1985
Guide to Spoken-Word Recordings: Foreign-Language
Instruction and Literature, 1988
Guide to Spoken-Word Recordings: Popular Literature, 1987
Information for Handicapped Travelers, 1987
Learning Disabilities: National Information and Advocacy
Parents' Guide to the Development of Pre-School Handicapped
Children: Resources and Services, 1984
Reading Materials in Large Type, 1987
Reading, Writing, and Other Communication Aids for Visually
and Physically Handicapped Persons, 1986
Reference Books in Special Media, 1982; addendum, 1987
Sources of Audiovisual Materials about Handicapping
Sources of Braille Reading Materials, 1985
Sports, Outdoor Recreation, and Games for Visually and
Physically Impaired Individuals, 1991
Note: This file has been edited for use on computer
networks. This editing required the removal of diacritics,
underlining, and fonts such as italics and bold. You can
obtain a copy of the original by writing to NLS at the above