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“The only thing necessary for these diseases to the triumph is for good people and governments to do nothing.”

Governmental Reports

Main topics can be found within the left column; sub-topics and/or research reports can be found near the bottom of this page.  Thank you




We offer a monthly newsletter dealing with the various issues surrounding infectious diseases.  To find out more click HERE.

"The importance of data concerning the trends and determinants of the HIV/AIDS pandemic cannot be denied. For people living with the virus it impacts us in many ways. Data can help improve the level and scope of care and treatment services which we receive and it can contribute to mitigating at least some of the impact of the stigma and discrimination which we face on a daily basis.

Governments, donor organizations, communities, NGOs and the private sector all need HIV/AIDS monitoring data. Data can be used to mobilize political will in order to increase the scale of both prevention and care interventions, to identify priorities for the allocation of scarce resources, to select and target activities, and to monitor the progress in the response to the epidemic. True, accurate and reliable data regarding the pandemic are essential to ensure that the scale of the crisis is both understood and to improve our collective response.

People living with HIV/AIDS, organized under GNP+, are concerned when different information about the epidemic is collected and presented by different groups of people and institutions. Information about the global and national trends which is not consistent cannot be used for planning and setting priorities for prevention and care investment. This directly affects the lives of people living with HIV in the respective countries as time is lost in debating the validity of the sources of information and preference is often given to the source that paints the picture less gloomy. We are concerned that those who wish to deny the true scope and nature of the crisis can also misuse data. In addition, endless debate can yield ongoing inaction or misallocation of funds.

We therefore call upon the International Organizations, National Institutes/Ministries of Health and the National AIDS Control Programs to emphasize the need for reasonably accurate statistics on the epidemic for planning and making the right decisions. Factors that bring about the inaccuracies should therefore be isolated and corrective measures put in place. At the same time, academic discussion about the validity of the data should give room to concrete action for preventing further spread of HIV and ensuring access to care for those infected.

People living with HIV/AIDS can be a valuable resource to assist epidemiologists and program managers in their difficult work to provide a true picture of the situation. From our participation in cohort studies to assistance in identifying potential sample populations for participating in behavioral surveillance investigations, we offer our experience and abilities to assist in ensuring that data collected are not only valid but are further transformed from mere numbers to action and hope for our future." The Status and Trends of the HIV/AIDS Epidemics in the World


Document Name & Link to Document


File Size /Type**

A guidebook for Resettlement Agencies Serving Refugees with HIV/AIDS

The purpose of this publication is to assist resettlement agencies in preparing for and providing care to refugees who are living with HIV/AIDS

69 kb pdf

AIDS Employment Discrimination: Impact of Chadbourne v. Raytheon As soon as the company knew that it had an employee with AIDS who wanted to return to work, it directed its occupational nurse… Despite the assurance from Chadbourne's doctor, the local public health department, the CDC and its own doctor, Raytheon would not reinstate Chadbourne or attempt to accommodate his physical handicap.  
AIDS TESTING AND MEDICAL INFORMATION Legal Issues The Connecticut General Assembly established protections regarding the confidentiality of individuals with HIV infection or AIDS in 1989. Below is the current language, which was updated in 1997 and again in 1999.  
Anti-Terrorism's Lengthy History and Current Abuses Throughout Terrorism and the Constitution, Cole and Dempsey diverge from popular opinion by insisting that civil liberties, far from being a threat to national security, are the essence of America. What are we "fighting" for in this war on terrorism, they ask, if not to protect our way of life--which has personal liberty at its very core?  

Bioterrorism-Coordination & Preparedness Report

GAO report before subcommittee

1,229 kb pdf

CDC's March 2000 national estimates of annual percutaneous exposures

The following figures were calculated based on 1996 EPINet data. We do not know to what degree new  HIV treatments have affected health care worker risk of HIV infection. They have probably reduced the risk somewhat since there are now fewer AIDS patients in hospitals.


CHEVRON U.S.A. INC., PETITIONER v. MARIO ECHAZABAL The court of appeals correctly held that respondent is a "qualified individual" under Title I of the ADA, but the court erred in invalidating the EEOC's regulations and precluding petitioner's defense that respondent's performance of the job posed a direct threat to his own health or safety. By addressing threat-to-self concerns as a regulatory defense to liability, the EEOC struck a proper balance between the rights of disabled individuals to work free of discrimination and employers' need to maintain a safe workplace. Under the EEOC's regulations, an employer need not hire an employee who poses a threat to self, but only if the employer demonstrates, on an individualized basis, a real threat to the employee's health.  
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission-Letter to The ADA Amendments Act of 2008 (“the Act”) made very important changes to the ADA, which were vitally needed to restore civil rights protections that the ADA was intended to provide. Those protections are of critical importance to people living with HIV, who continue to experience discrimination in employment in this country. But restrictive interpretations of what it means to be “disabled” under the ADA led to extensive analysis of whether that definition was met. For people living with HIV, this often meant that they had to testify about highly personal, intimate matters that had nothing to do with whether they were discriminated against because they had HIV. In some cases, that misplaced focus led to court findings that individuals with HIV were not protected by the ADA. Pdf 172 kb

The official position of the United States is that eradicating prostitution and sex trafficking an integral part of the worldwide fight against HIV/AIDS. In awarding grants to private organizations for HIV/AIDS relief efforts, the government – through the U.S. Agency for International Development – only funds organizations that share view. DKT International refused to certify that it has a policy opposing prostitution and sex trafficking, and therefore not qualify for a grant. The district court struck down the funding condition on the ground that it violated DKT’s freedom speech under the First Amendment. We reverse.


Pdf 36 kb
FTC Antitrust Actions in Health care Services and Products In the mid-1970’s, the FTC formed a division within the Bureau of Competition to investigate potential antitrust violations involving health care.  The Health Care Services and Products Division consists of approximately thirty-five lawyers and investigators who work exclusively on health care antitrust matters. 293 kb pdf

Global tensions grow over AIDS

The number of people infected with HIV/Aids will grow significantly by the end of the decade, reaching up to 75 million in the world's five most populous countries and continuing to decimate millions in Central and Southern Africa


Helm's Ashamed of Role in AIDS Fight

In spite of -- or perhaps, because of -- his long-standing and frequently vehement opposition to increased funding for HIV prevention and AIDS treatment, Sen. Jesse Helms said on Wednesday he was ashamed he had not done more to fight the worldwide epidemic.


Hepatitis C Origin Points to Possible Military Link

Documents obtained by Forward Times under the Freedom of Information Act, for an investigation of the hepatitis C epidemic, reveal that U.S. servicemen were used to test experimental vaccines while they were in Basic Combat Training during the Vietnam Era.


Hepatitis C-Silent Epidemic, must public Health respond  (Large report-increase download time) Report from congress committee on Hepatitis C Virus in the USA 6,043 kb pdf


"We must do more to prevent and treat this terrible disease, which continues to ravage the lives of millions of people in America and around the world," Secretary Thompson said. "We are leading the world on AIDS research and doing our part to stem the tide of this global epidemic."


High Court Declines HIV Disability Case

The U.S. Supreme Court on Tuesday declined to hear a case brought by a Georgia dental hygienist who was demoted when his employer discovered he was HIV-positive. Citing protection from the Americans with Disabilities Act, Spencer Waddell filed suit against Valley Forge Dental Associates in Atlanta. Citing a potential threat to patients, a federal district judge dismissed his complaint in 1999.


HIPAA Nondiscrimination Requirements

Summary of the law

50 kb pdf

Hospitals prepare for new privacy law 2003

Representatives of the city’s two hospitals said the law won’t dramatically change privacy protections at their institutions. Patients aren’t likely to notice the impact of the law, although they will be asked to read a brochure on how the law protects their privacy and will be asked to sign a form acknowledging they have read the information.


HOUSING RIGHTS OF PEOPLE LIVING WITH HIV/AIDS: A PRIMER Discrimination poses a significant obstacle to people living with HIV, who often encounter prejudice when they attempt to rent an apartment or are denied an opportunity to live in a dwelling because of misinformed beliefs about the communicability of HIV. For others, the decision to live in a group home may foment intense community opposition; as a result, group homes are often zoned out of a city. People living with HIV may also be unable to meet minimum income qualifications because of their disability or may simply be unable to afford safe housing without assistance. Pdf 1239 kb

Legality of Assisted Suicide for States to Decide

The Supreme Court rekindled the ethical debate over assisted suicide today by giving states the ultimate authority to decide whether doctors can legally prescribe deadly drugs for mentally competent but terminally-ill patients who want to die.


Mandatory HIV Reporting Gaining Advocates

The New York Times reports that as AIDS treatment advances continue, the privacy concerns that have long set HIV-infection apart from other infectious diseases such as tuberculosis, gonorrhea, and syphilis have begun to fade.


New Bill would Force Disclosure of HIV status

The Associated Press reports Republican Rep. Tom Coburn of Oklahoma is seeking support for a bill that would require states to alert people to possible contacts with HIV-infected partners.


NHIS survey description.

Survey of US households

178 kb pdf

OSHA AIDS-Hepatitis C Virus law.

Exposure to blood borne pathogens

1,297 kb pdf

OSHA Standards Interpretation and Compliance

It is important to note that the definition of "occupational exposure" comprises the reasonable anticipation that the employee will come into contact with these fluids during the course of performing his or her work duties.


Policy update concerning Ryan White Law

(Large article, increase download time)
Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program funds are intended to support only the HIV-related needs of eligible individuals.  Grantees and funded contractors must be able to make an explicit connection between any service supported with Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program funds and the intended recipient’s HIV status, or care-giving relationship to a person with HIV/AIDS. Pdf 3180 kb

Policy without Politics-The Limits of Social Engineering

The United States is the only developed country whose government does not guarantee access to health care for its citizens. It is also the developed country with the least representative and most insufficient democratic institutions, owing to the constitutional framework of the political system, the privatization of the electoral process, and the enormous power of corporate interests in both the media and the political process.


Powell's AIDS Prevention Message Angers Right

Secretary of State Colin Powell on Thursday deeply angered some the White House's most ideologically conservative allies when he strongly advocated condom use to prevent the spread of AIDS.


Red Cross violated Blood Safety Rules

The American Red Cross may have released tainted blood to hospitals, the government said Friday, reporting more than 200 violations of federal blood safety rules in its battle to get the Red Cross to improve the quality of its blood operation.


Ryan White Care Act-1990

Federal Law to assist those positive with HIV/AIDS

143 kb pdf

The Global Infectious Disease Threat and Its Implications for the United States

(Large report-increased down-load time)

This report represents an important initiative on the part of the Intelligence Community to consider the national security dimension of a nontraditional threat. It responds to a growing concern by senior US leaders about the implications--in terms of health, economics, and national security--of the growing global infectious disease threat. The dramatic increase in drug-resistant microbes, combined with the lag in development of new antibiotics, the rise of megacities with severe health care deficiencies, environmental degradation, and the growing ease and frequency of cross-border movements of people and produce have greatly facilitated the spread of infectious diseases.


The Status and Trends of the HIV/AIDS Epidemics in the World

This report, co-authored by the Durban MAP Symposium participants and produced in less than 24 hours, reflects a consensus of the analysis, projections and recommendations brought forward during the symposium. Its aim is to provide information that can be used by international bodies, to briefly review the most important aspects of the history of the HIV/AIDS epidemics to date, to recognize the current status of and trends within these epidemics, and to take immediate action to affect the course of these epidemics in the future.


US Census IDB Data Access

Online access help and data bank

898 kb pdf

US is 37th in Health care

The United States, which spends 14 percent of its national income on health -- more than any other country -- was ranked 37th in the WHO survey, barely edging out No. 39 Cuba, says a recent report in The Seattle Times.


USA Patriot Act

A break down of the rules and regulations of the act

124 kb pdf

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