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“The only thing necessary for these diseases to the triumph is for good people and governments to do nothing.”


All About Poriae cocos (Fu Ling): 

An Introduction


"A Humble, but Famous Mushroom."


What is Poria?

Family: Polyporaceae
Genus and Species: Poriae cocos

Poria cocos is a very old and widely used herb especially in Chinese medicine. Poria cocos is a solid fungus also known as Fu Ling, Poria, Tuckahoe, Indian bread, or Hoelen, and grows on the roots of old, dead pine trees. Poria cocos has been traditionally used as a tonic to benefit the internal organs. Poria is normally white in color, and also called "white poria". The variant with light red color is called "red poria".

Main chemical constituents of Poria cocos includes: beta-pachyman, a polysaccharide beta-pachymarose, several organic acids such as tumulosic acid, eubricoic acid, pinicolic acid, and pachymic acid, 3-beta-hydroxylanosta-7,9(11). 24-trien-21-oic acid, chitin, protein, fat, glucose, sterols, lecithin, gum, choline, etc. Poria cocos has tranquilizing, diuretic, and cardiotonic effects. Poria cocos also lowers blood sugar levels, and has anti-bactrial, immunotonic, anti-cancer effects.

-Therapeutic Actions:

In traditional medicine, Poria cocos is commonly used for:

1. Chronic fatigue syndrome
2. Diarrhea
3. Dizziness
4. Edema
5. Energy
6. Insomnia
7. Kidney health
8. Nervousness
9. Urination
10. Weakness




The fruiting body and the outer peel of Poria cocos is used.

Dose: Daily intake of up to 9-15 grams of dry root is suggested, and for acute facial edema, up to 60 grams may be used [Chinese Herbal Medicine, Materia Medica: edited by Dan Bensky and Andrew Gamble, revised edition, 1993].
Side Effects: None known. However, avoid in cases of frequent, copious urination due to cold from deficiency.


Poriae cocos Research:


Scientific and Clinical Researches

Like the majority of herbs, Poria cocos needs more experimental data for scientific verification of the anecdotal evidences of its health effects. Although there are positive indications of Poria's health benefits, most of them are inconclusive due to the scarcity of data. Reviews and reports from some of the recent researches on Poria cocos are provided:

Life Sci 2002 Jan 18;70(9):1023-33 - Antioxidant activity of anti-inflammatory plant extracts

J Ethnopharmacol 2000 Nov;73(1-2):61-9 - On the anti-inflammatory and anti-phospholipase A(2) activity of extracts from lanostane-rich species

Phytochemistry 1998 Aug;48(8):1357-60 - 3 beta-p-hydroxybenzoyldehydrotumulosic acid from Poria cocos, and its anti-inflammatory effect

Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) 1997 Mar;45(3):492-4 - Effect of the basidiomycete Poria cocos on experimental dermatitis and other inflammatory conditions

Oncology 1996 Sep-Oct;53(5):382-5 - Inhibitory effects of lanostane-type triterpene acids, the components of Poria cocos, on tumor promotion by 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate in two-stage carcinogenesis in mouse skin

Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) 1996 Apr;44(4):847-9 - Isolation of inhibitors of TPA-induced mouse ear edema from Hoelen, Poria cocos

Planta Med 1995 Dec;61(6):527-30 - Anti-emetic principles of Poria cocos

Jpn J Pharmacol 1992 May;59(1):89-96 - Studies on antinephritic effects of plant components (3): Effect of pachyman, a main component of Poria cocos Wolf on original-type anti-GBM nephritis in rats and its mechanisms



Zhonghua Min Guo Wei Sheng Wu Ji Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi 1992 - Suppression of tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-1 beta, interleukin-6 and granulocyte-monocyte colony stimulating factor secretion from human monocytes by an extract of Poria cocos


Poria Links

Complementary and Alternative Healing University - Fu Ling

Ontario Herbalist Association - Fu Ling (Poria cocos)

Doctor's Health Chinese Herbs - Poria cocos - Poria Cocos - Fu Ling - Poria - Sells drug paraphernalia and psychedelic mushrooms