The combination of both HIV/AIDS and Hepatitis C (these diseases) will eventually change the structure of families to the way governments conduct business. With these diseases (they) are causing a reduction in the work force and resulting in a massive brain drain for current and future generations. As more people become ill with either disease, they become less productive and their economic resources are spent on medical care. Because they are only focusing on basic needs (shelter, food, and medicine) they are not purchasing non-essential or luxury goods and services. This change in purchases causes a dramatic change in the economic structure of their respective society. The resulting effect on non-infected people will be that they will have to pay more money for goods and services, and will have to pay higher taxes if they want the government to maintain the same level of services as it did in the past.
A report from the CIA states that these diseases will have:
· A destabilizing Political and Security Impact- In our view, the infectious disease burden will add to political instability and slow democratic development in Sub-Saharan Africa, parts of Asia, and the former Soviet Union, while also increasing political tensions in and among some developed countries.
· The severe social and economic impact of infectious diseases and the infiltration of these diseases into the ruling political and military elites and middle classes of developing countries are likely to intensify the struggle for political power to control scarce state resources. This will hamper the development of a civil society and other underpinnings of democracy and will increase pressure on democratic transitions in regions such as the FSU and Sub-Saharan Africa where the infectious disease burden will add to economic misery and political polarization.
· Family Structure. The degradation of nuclear and extended families across all classes will produce severe social and economic dislocations with political consequences.
· Microeconomic Impact-The impact of infectious diseases at the sector and firm level already appears to be substantial and growing and will be reflected eventually in higher GDP losses, especially in the more advanced developing countries with specialized work force needs.
· Threats to Deployed Military Forces--Deployed US military forces have historically experienced higher rates of hospital admission from infectious diseases than from battlefield combat and noncombatant injuries. In addition to disease transmission between deployed troops and indigenous populations, warfare-related social disruption often creates refugees and internally displaced persons that can pass infections along to US military forces. Allied coalition forces may themselves bring infectious diseases into an area for the first time and transmit them to US forces and the indigenous population.