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“The only thing necessary for these diseases to the triumph is for good people and governments to do nothing.”


We offer a monthly newsletter dealing with the various issues surrounding infectious diseases.  To find out more click HERE.

Main topics can be found within the left column; sub-topics and/or research reports can be found near the bottom of this page.  Thank you


This is what happens when HIV/AIDS strikes a household in Africa

  • Illness and/or death of one or more household members

  • Change in the size and composition of households

  • Children orphaned by the epidemic

  • Addition of adult relative to assist with farm production, housework and/or child care

  • Temporary migration for wage work

  • Change in the household dependency ratio

  • Withdrawal of children from school to work on or off the farm for wages

  • Intra-household reallocation of labor

  • Decrease in area cultivated (increased fallow)

  • Decline in crop variety

  • Change in cropping patterns and/or animal production to less labor-intensive practices

  • Declining yields

  • Lengthening of the working day

  • Sex work on a casual or commercial basis

  • Loss of agricultural knowledge, practices and skills

  • Change in access to human resources

  • Reductions in income from farm and off-farm sources

  • Liquidation of savings accounts

  • Seeking remittances from family

  • Change in degree of reliance on off-farm income among male,
    orphan and female-headed households

  • Change in wage earning among female-headed households

  • Change in income-generating activities among female-headed households (Topouzis 2000)

  • Sale of stores of value (jewelry, household goods)

  • Borrowing from informal sector (relatives, friends, neighbors, rural coops, rotating and savings club associations)

  • Borrowing from rural traders or money lenders

  • Pledging of future crops

  • Exhaustion of credit resources

  • Sale of livestock

This scenario in Africa is happening today; tomorrow, it could be happening in your community.



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Additional Health Problems

Armed Forces

Diet, nutrition and Exercise

Maps and Graphs



Press Releases

Projecting the HIV



Social Impact (A thru K)

Social Impact (L thru Z)

Social Security Insurance


Strategic Plans (A thru K)

Strategic Plans (L thru Z)

Women (A thru L)

Women (M thru Z)


We offer a monthly newsletter dealing with the various issues surrounding infectious diseases.  To find out more click HERE.